[AI] urdu braille

Taha Haaziq tahahaaziq at gmail.com
Mon Sep 27 23:55:54 EDT 2010


hey hi!i would be interested to learn.can you tell me how should i go about??
regards.

On 9/27/10, shazia rizvi <s_hasan21 at hotmail.com> wrote:
>
> hello
>
>  if you are interested in learning urdu braille I can help you.
>
> regards
>
>
>
>
> Shazia Hasan
> "When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often we look so long
> at the closed door that we do not see the one which has opened for us."
> -
> Helen Keller
>
>
> Shazia Hasan
> "When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often we look so long
> at the closed door that we do not see the one which has opened for us."
> -
> Helen Keller
>
>
>
>
>
>> Date: Sun, 26 Sep 2010 12:33:27 +0530
>> From: smilerobin123 at gmail.com
>> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> Subject: [AI] urdu braille
>>
>> hello friends. I am very interested in learning urdu braillecould any
>> bodytell me how could get an approach to this?
>>
>>
>> On 9/24/10, accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> <accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in> wrote:
>> > Send AccessIndia mailing list submissions to
>> > accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> >
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>> > http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >
>> > or, via email, send a message with subject or body 'help' to
>> > accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> >
>> > You can reach the person managing the list at
>> > accessindia-owner at accessindia.org.in
>> >
>> > When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific
>> > than "Re: Contents of AccessIndia digest..."
>> >
>> >
>> > Today's Topics:
>> >
>> > 1. braille printers (Vgem Vadagam)
>> > 2. Re: behaviour of my superior (Mahesh Shah)
>> > 3. Re: behaviour of my superior (Subramani L)
>> > 4. Re: behaviour of my superior (rahul cherian)
>> > 5. How instal Talks on nokia N.79 (Prashanth MN)
>> > 6. Is it legal? (Sanjay)
>> >
>> >
>> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>> >
>> > Message: 1
>> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 13:40:59 +0530 (IST)
>> > From: Vgem Vadagam <vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in>
>> > To: basavaraju.d at rediffmail.com
>> > Cc: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> > Subject: [AI] braille printers
>> > Message-ID: <65186.16565.qm at web137418.mail.in.yahoo.com>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
>> >
>> > hello,
>> > ????????? i started to use basic -d with duxbury software from 2000. ?we
>> > were able to give brl. material,
>> > stories, quiz and question papers.?which is donated by rotary
>> > club(portcity).. we got tgd software to embosse outline maps and
>> > pictures.
>> > it is very good.
>> > after my retirment? as a principal i could able to collect one?basic -d
>> > printer with duxbury? through rotaryclub,visakhapatnam. now we prepared
>> > and
>> > supplied?history notes for intermediate in telugu.
>> > if anybody wants brl. material we can supply. u can contact president,
>> > sahridayavizag at gmail.com
>> > or vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in? mobile.09440778183. we are planning to
>> > release a
>> > monthly magzine in our regional language.
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > ------------------------------
>> >
>> > Message: 2
>> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 14:22:45 +0530
>> > From: Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com>
>> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> > Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
>> > Message-ID:
>> > <AANLkTikHYCh_5bpyDThdzF3_6jpEuiXDroyBp4wDKhv4 at mail.gmail.com>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
>> >
>> > On 9/24/10, rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com> wrote:
>> >> Dear Mahesh,
>> >>
>> >> This is a terrible situation. I think the press would definitely be
>> >> interested to cover this. This kind of act must be exposed, in my
>> >> opinion.
>> >> Moreover, since C-DAC is a governmental organisation, you would
>> >> possible
>> >> even have a constitutional remedy.
>> >>
>> >> Do let me know if you need help in reaching out to the press. Subramani
>> >> also
>> >> should be able to cover this. Subramani what do you think? Is there a
>> >> story
>> >> here?
>> >>
>> >> Just a word of caution. going to the press has adverse effects as well
>> >> as
>> >> you may already know.
>> >>
>> >> Best regards,
>> >>
>> >> Rahul Cherian
>> >> Inclusive Planet
>> >>
>> >> On 24 September 2010 12:28, akhilesh <akhil.akhil29 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> >>
>> >>> Dear MR. Mahesh,
>> >>> I?m very sad and angry that such discriminatory incidence has happened
>> >>> with you.
>> >>> When these type of situations occur and your superior or or for
>> >>> example, any other person behaves like this, the most effective
>> >>> solution is to record such type of conversations probably that
>> >>> particular recording will give you nothing for this time, but it
>> >>> surely do two important things:
>> >>> 1. for the next time, you?ll not be discriminated like this;
>> >>> 2. These type of persons will surely thing at least many times
>> >>> before
>> >>> committing such acts.
>> >>>
>> >>> I?ve done recordings of these sorts of conversations and they have
>> >>> been very very effective. Respected Vashishth sir knows about it, and
>> >>> he himself has done recordings in some occasions.
>> >>> With regards,
>> >>> Akhilesh.
>> >>>
>> >>>
>> >>>
>> >>> On 9/24/10, Srinivasu Chakravarthula <srinivasu at srinivasu.org> wrote:
>> >>> > Mahesh,
>> >>> > Yet, I don't blame your boss although he is totally wrong, unless
>> >>> > this
>> >>> > has happened to you in the past as well. If it was for the first
>> >>> > time.
>> >>> > I think, you should have taken a little effort and tell him how VI
>> >>> > people represent across the globe and that would have surely
>> >>> > convinced
>> >>> > him.
>> >>> >
>> >>> > Although it is a common attitude, but most people would not do that
>> >>> > intentionally but due to lack of awareness.
>> >>> >
>> >>> > Thanks,
>> >>> > Srinivasu
>> >>> >
>> >>> > On 9/24/10, sunil <sunilsangtani99 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> >>> >> disgusting. these superiors really dont know how to talk with there
>> >>> >> kaleeks but sir, you shouldnt give up this golden opportunity so
>> >>> >> easyly.
>> >>> >> you could try to understand him.
>> >>> >> anyways friends, this is not a one- happened thing, now we strongly
>> >>> >> nneed any rools or awairness to stop these nonsense.
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >> On 9/24/10, Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> >>> >>> Dear Friends--
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> I am writing to this list after a long time. I wish to tell you an
>> >>> >>> incident happened in my office , which shocked me.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> Every year, a delegation goes from my office, C-DAC, to
>> >>> >>> participate
>> >>> >>> in
>> >>> >>> SuperComputing conference in USA. This year I put my
>> >>> >>> self-nomination
>> >>> >>> for this. I am the most qualified and most senior person for the
>> >>> >>> job.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> But my boss called me for a one-to-one discussion and informed me
>> >>> >>> that
>> >>> >>> it will be 'embarrasing' to send a person (VI) like me in . the
>> >>> >>> delegation. Because I will require someone's support and will hold
>> >>> >>> someone's hand. Also if some accident happens to me because of my
>> >>> >>> disability, he and office will be hold responsible for why they
>> >>> >>> sent
>> >>> >>> such a person.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> I was really shocked and upset with the behaviour. Then I withdrew
>> >>> >>> my
>> >>> >>> nomination for participation in the conference.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> Friends, I want to show you that how these learned so-called
>> >>> >>> superiors
>> >>> >>> fail to understand the VI peoples aspirations and behave in such a
>> >>> >>> nonsense way.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> Thanks for sharing my concerns.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> Mahesh Shah
>> >>> >>> Pune
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons
>> >>> >>> with
>> >>> >>> disability bill at:
>> >>> >>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>> >>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> >>> >>> with
>> >>> >>> the subject unsubscribe.
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other
>> >>> >>> changes,
>> >>> >>> please
>> >>> >>> visit the list home page at
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >>> >>>
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >> --
>> >>> >> "Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none."
>> >>> >> ~William Shakespeare
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons
>> >>> >> with
>> >>> >> disability bill at:
>> >>> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >> To unsubscribe send a message to
>> >>> >> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> >>> >> with
>> >>> >> the subject unsubscribe.
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other
>> >>> >> changes,
>> >>> >> please
>> >>> >> visit the list home page at
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >>
>> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >>> >>
>> >>> >
>> >>> > --
>> >>> > Sent from my mobile device
>> >>> >
>> >>> > Best regards,
>> >>> >
>> >>> > Srinivasu Chakravarthula
>> >>> > Mobile: +91 990 081 0881
>> >>> > Website: http://www.srinivasu.org |
>> >>> > http://www.learnaccessibility.org
>> >>> > Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/VasuTweets
>> >>> >
>> >>> > Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons
>> >>> > with
>> >>> > disability bill at:
>> >>> > http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>> >>> >
>> >>> > To unsubscribe send a message to
>> >>> > accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith
>> >>> > the subject unsubscribe.
>> >>> >
>> >>> > To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other
>> >>> > changes,
>> >>> please
>> >>> > visit the list home page at
>> >>> >
>> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >>> >
>> >>>
>> >>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>> >>> disability bill at:
>> >>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>> >>>
>> >>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>> >>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
>> >>>
>> >>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>> >>> please visit the list home page at
>> >>>
>> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >>>
>> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>> >> disability bill at:
>> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>> >>
>> >> To unsubscribe send a message to accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> >> with
>> >> the subject unsubscribe.
>> >>
>> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>> >> please
>> >> visit the list home page at
>> >>
>> >> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >>
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > Thanks all for sharing your concerns. I really do not wish to make
>> > a story out of this.
>> >
>> > Best Regards,
>> >
>> > --
>> > Mahesh Shah
>> > Pune
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > ------------------------------
>> >
>> > Message: 3
>> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 03:26:08 -0700
>> > From: Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com>
>> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> > Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
>> > Message-ID:
>> > <AANLkTimi=V46ENZNyORmxuWoOnuRFMw-EG+MgQW33x8y at mail.gmail.com>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>> >
>> > It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
>> > minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
>> > who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
>> > accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
>> > developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
>> > things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
>> > things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
>> > put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
>> > Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
>> > people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
>> > not your's.
>> >
>> > Subramani
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > ------------------------------
>> >
>> > Message: 4
>> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:03:54 +0530
>> > From: rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com>
>> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> > Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
>> > Message-ID:
>> > <AANLkTinOQNFptBWxyiwiJ8eU0cuS93x42+vZE7AcUzkG at mail.gmail.com>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>> >
>> > I think that a comprehensive approach is needed, both in terms of legal
>> > strategy as well as media engagement. One without the other will not
>> > make
>> > any significant difference. If we as educated, technology using persons
>> > with
>> > disabilities fail to respond to, and take up such issues change will
>> > happen
>> > only slowly. We have to make change happen and not wait for it to take
>> > its
>> > time.
>> >
>> > Mahesh, do let me know whether I should get some journalists to get in
>> > touch
>> > with you.
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > On 24 September 2010 15:56, Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com>
>> > wrote:
>> >
>> >> It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
>> >> minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
>> >> who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
>> >> accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
>> >> developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
>> >> things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
>> >> things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
>> >> put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
>> >> Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
>> >> people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
>> >> not your's.
>> >>
>> >> Subramani
>> >>
>> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>> >> disability bill at:
>> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>> >>
>> >> To unsubscribe send a message to
>> >> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
>> >>
>> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>> >> please visit the list home page at
>> >> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >>
>> >
>> >
>> > ------------------------------
>> >
>> > Message: 5
>> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:11:06 +0530
>> > From: Prashanth MN <prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com>
>> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> > Subject: [AI] How instal Talks on nokia N.79
>> > Message-ID:
>> > <AANLkTik+0Ydk3viF_OHWEYnPQVYen3pU-1jCRyX-_=fn at mail.gmail.com>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>> >
>> > Hello Friends: I am prashanth. i have Nokia n.79 hand set. I have to
>> > instal Talks on it. Please help me by Giving detail Information. I
>> > need to know how to apply lisence and how to instal. If you have any
>> > information and patches please send me at prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > ------------------------------
>> >
>> > Message: 6
>> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:15:07 +0530
>> > From: "Sanjay" <ilovecold at gmail.com>
>> > To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
>> > Subject: [AI] Is it legal?
>> > Message-ID: <002101cb5bd5$9fab5ac0$0201a8c0 at user>
>> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"
>> >
>> > As I found this article interesting, I am pasting here. I would like to
>> > know How Indian copyright laws deal with digital materials and technical
>> > complications mentioned in this article.
>> >
>> >
>> >
>> > UK copyright law is a confusing mess where nobody's quite sure what
>> > they're
>> >
>> > allowed to do. David Ludlow cuts through the legalease to find out what
>> > you
>> > can
>> >
>> > and can't do with your computer
>> >
>> > We all know that downloading movies and games over BitTorrent is
>> > illegal,
>> > but
>> >
>> > what are our legal rights when it comes to handling content we've paid
>> > for?
>> > A
>> >
>> > recent survey by Consumer Focus, a statutory organisation campaigning
>> > for a
>> > fair
>> >
>> > deal for British consumers, found that 73 per cent of the 2,026 people
>> > asked
>> >
>> > were "never quite sure what is legal and illegal under current copyright
>> > law".
>> >
>> > The main confusion was around digital technologies and issues such as
>> > ripping a
>> >
>> > CD for use on a computer or copying files to an MP3 player.
>> >
>> > It's a damning statistic and shows just how complicated modern life has
>> > become
>> >
>> > and how out of date our copyright laws are.
>> >
>> > The biggest problem is the wash of misinformation out there. It's
>> > obvious
>> > that
>> >
>> > it's illegal to download copyright-protected material from the internet,
>> > but
>> >
>> > what about making copies of TV programmes or computer games that we've
>> > bought?
>> >
>> > People often mention concepts such as 'fair use' and claim this gives
>> > them
>> > the
>> >
>> > right to make a 'backup' copy. Unfortunately, many of these pieces of
>> > so-called
>> >
>> > wisdom aren't true, and by using your computer in this way, you may well
>> > be
>> >
>> > breaking the law. Fortunately, we're here to help with our guide to what
>> > you
>> >
>> > can and can't do.
>> >
>> > off The reCorD
>> >
>> > The massive popularity of iTunes and the iPod, not to mention devices
>> > designed
>> >
>> > for making backups of old records, would seem to imply that you're
>> > legally
>> >
>> > allowed to transfer any music you've bought to your computer. Sadly,
>> > this
>> > isn't
>> >
>> > the case and converting your CDs, vinyl collection or cassettes to MP3
>> > is
>> >
>> > actually illegal unless you own the copyright for the material.
>> >
>> > The reason that copying your own music is illegal is that it's not
>> > really
>> > yours.
>> >
>> > When you buy an album or single, you pay for the right to use that music
>> > in
>> > the
>> >
>> > purchased format, and not to do with it as you see fit. Converting a
>> > disc to
>> >
>> > MP3 format and listening to it on your computer or MP3 player is
>> > completely
>> >
>> > illegal.
>> >
>> > There is a silver lining to this, which is reassuring but further
>> > complicates
>> >
>> > the issue. The British Phonographic Institute (BPI), which represents
>> > the
>> >
>> > established music industry in the UK, has stated that it won't prosecute
>> > anyone
>> >
>> > who converts music they've bought into a digital format. In other words,
>> > while
>> >
>> > copying music is illegal, doing so for your personal use won't get you
>> > into
>> >
>> > trouble with the BPI, which is the only large organisation in the UK
>> > likely
>> > to
>> >
>> > sue over music copyright violations.
>> >
>> > DIGITAL MUSIC
>> >
>> > The rules are different for music downloads, as the format requires you
>> > to
>> > make
>> >
>> > a digital copy of a music track or album. This means that making copies
>> > is
>> >
>> > acceptable within certain criteria. When music was first sold online, it
>> > used
>> >
>> > Digital Rights Management (DRM) to restrict the number and types of
>> > devices
>> > on
>> >
>> > which the tracks could be played. Today, no stores use DRM, which means
>> > the
>> >
>> > tracks downloaded could technically be copied any number of times and
>> > played
>> > on
>> >
>> > practically any device. What you're allowed to do with downloaded music
>> > depends
>> >
>> > on the terms of use of the service you use. All music download services
>> > have
>> >
>> > similar sets of conditions under which you can use the downloaded music.
>> > You're
>> >
>> > usually granted the right to copy, burn and use tracks for your own
>> > personal
>> >
>> > use.
>> >
>> > For example, the Amazon MP3 Music Service grants you a "non-exclusive,
>> >
>> > non-transferable right to use the Digital Content for your personal,
>> >
>> > non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in accordance with the
>> > Terms
>> >
>> > of Use. You may copy, store, transfer and burn the Digital Content only
>> > for
>> >
>> > your personal, non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in
>> > accordance
>> >
>> > with the Terms of Use."
>> >
>> > Of course, there are restrictions too. To paraphrase the following, you
>> > can
>> > do
>> >
>> > what you like with the music, as long as you keep it to yourself. In
>> > Amazon's
>> >
>> > case, you agree that "you will use the Service only for your personal,
>> >
>> > non-commercial, entertainment use and not for any redistribution of the
>> > Digital
>> >
>> > Content or other use restricted in this Section 2.2. You agree not to
>> > infringe
>> >
>> > the rights of the Digital Content's copyright owners and to comply with
>> > all
>> >
>> > applicable laws in your use of the Digital Content. except as set forth
>> > in
>> >
>> > Section 2.1 above, you agree that you will not redistribute, transmit,
>> > assign,
>> >
>> > sell, broadcast, rent, share, lend, modify, adapt, edit, license or
>> > otherwise
>> >
>> > transfer or use the Digital Content. You are not granted any
>> > synchronisation,
>> >
>> > public performance, promotional use, commercial sale, resale,
>> > reproduction
>> > or
>> >
>> > distribution rights for the Digital Content. You acknowledge that the
>> > Digital
>> >
>> > Content embodies the intellectual property of a third party and is
>> > protected
>> > by
>> >
>> > law."
>> >
>> > While this might sound a little confusing, the upshot is that you can
>> > back
>> > up
>> >
>> > any music file you've downloaded, transfer it to CD or a music player
>> > and
>> > use it
>> >
>> > as you see fit. The key phrases are "only for your personal... use" and
>> > "you
>> >
>> > will not redistribute". If your handling of the music files is for your
>> > own
>> >
>> > use, without commercial interest, you're not breaking the law or the
>> > terms
>> > of
>> >
>> > use set out by the music service.
>> >
>> > Digital licences are far less restrictive than those that cover a
>> > physical
>> >
>> > product, but there's still an issue around what counts as personal use.
>> > In
>> >
>> > effect, personal use allows you and members of your household to use the
>> > music
>> >
>> > you've downloaded (or ripped from CD, if you choose to accept the BPI's
>> >
>> > assurance). Provided the people you share your music with live at your
>> > home,
>> >
>> > you should be fine. Some services don't specify limits on this, but
>> > others
>> > do.
>> >
>> > For example, Apple imposes the following limit in its terms and
>> > conditions
>> > of
>> >
>> > sale:
>> >
>> > "You shall be authorised to use the Products on up to five devices (such
>> > as
>> > a
>> >
>> > computer) with the iTunes application installed at any time, except in
>> > the
>> > case
>> >
>> > of Film Rentals."
>> >
>> > The general rule is that if you use and share your music fairly inside
>> > your
>> >
>> > home, you won't get into any trouble. Start distributing files far and
>> > wide
>> > and
>> >
>> > you'll run into problems.
>> >
>> > AT The MoVIeS
>> >
>> > Wouldn't it be great to have an entire movie collection on your hard
>> > disk so
>> >
>> > that you could access any of your films at the touch of a button? Sadly,
>> > as
>> > the
>> >
>> > law currently stands, this is very unlikely be a legal option. As with
>> > music,
>> >
>> > the act of copying a DVD or Blu-ray disc is illegal. The group that
>> > protects
>> >
>> > the copyright of films and TV programmes, the Federation Against
>> > Copyright
>> > Theft
>> >
>> > (FACT), has never said that it won't prosecute people for copying discs
>> > they
>> > own
>> >
>> > for their own personal use.
>> >
>> > What's more, films almost always feature digital copy protection, which
>> > encrypts
>> >
>> > the movie data and makes it harder to copy. The very presence of the
>> > encryption
>> >
>> > adds further protection from another law called the Copyright and
>> > Related
>> > Rights
>> >
>> > Regulations 2003. This makes a criminal offences of "manufacturing for
>> > sale
>> > or
>> >
>> > hire, importation, advertising or marketing a service the purposes of
>> > which
>> > is
>> >
>> > to enable or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures" and
>> > "providing,
>> >
>> > promoting, advertising or marketing a service the purpose of which is to
>> > enable
>> >
>> > or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures".
>> >
>> > In other words, software that would let you copy a protected disc is
>> > illegal
>> > to
>> >
>> > sell and perhaps even to buy in some circumstances. It's also illegal
>> > for
>> >
>> > magazines such as Shopper to promote it. This is rather an odd law, as
>> > it
>> >
>> > completely ignores how the software might be used. For example, such
>> > software
>> >
>> > can be used to remove the copy protection part of a Blu-ray disc that
>> > stops
>> > it
>> >
>> > playing on a digital display that lacks high Definition Content
>> > Protection
>> >
>> > (hDCP) encryption. This kind of software can also allow a PC to play a
>> > disc
>> >
>> > encoded to any region, which means UK consumers could play discs set for
>> > use
>> > in
>> >
>> > the US. Using this kind of software is currently illegal even if you
>> > don't
>> > copy
>> >
>> > the disc and, therefore, don't break conventional copyright laws.
>> >
>> > Bizarrely, under current law it's not illegal to buy pirate DVDs - only
>> > to
>> > sell
>> >
>> > them. This leads to the strange situation where doing something that
>> > takes
>> >
>> > money away from the copyright holder is permitted, but using movies at
>> > your
>> >
>> > convenience is breaking the law. Buying a pirate DVD and copying it
>> > remains
>> >
>> > illegal because you'd be making a copy of content that's protected by
>> > law.
>> > This
>> >
>> > is why downloading a film using BitTorrent is illegal, as you're making
>> > an
>> >
>> > illegal copy of the film.
>> >
>> > MoVIe DoWNLoADS
>> >
>> > Film downloads from places such as the iTunes store have similar
>> > limitations
>> > to
>> >
>> > music, but the important difference is that they're protected by DRM.
>> > This
>> > is
>> >
>> > unlikely to change in the future. The limitations imposed by DRM differ
>> > from
>> >
>> > service to service, but they're usually similar. Typically, you
>> > authorise a
>> >
>> > computer to play a specific film, and you're usually allowed to transfer
>> > this to
>> >
>> > a portable device. The DRM stops you transferring the film to a friend
>> > or
>> >
>> > sharing it online.
>> >
>> > It's also possible to rent movies and TV shows online. Again, DRM plays
>> > an
>> >
>> > important part in dictating what you can and can't do. Typically, the
>> > system
>> >
>> > lets you start watching it at any time during a 30-day period. however,
>> > as
>> > soon
>> >
>> > as you click the play button, you have just 48-hours to complete your
>> > viewing.
>> >
>> > The film or show can usually be viewed an unlimited number of times
>> > during
>> > this
>> >
>> > 48-hour period.
>> >
>> > reCorDING TV
>> >
>> > The UK law was changed with the advent of video recorders to let people
>> > record
>> >
>> > television programmes. however, the key phrasing of the law is that this
>> > is
>> >
>> > allowed for "time shifting" only. In other words, you're allowed to
>> > record
>> >
>> > anything on television to watch at a more convenient time but you're not
>> > allowed
>> >
>> > to record programmes and keep them indefinitely. This law applies to all
>> > forms
>> >
>> > of recording, whether you're using an old VCR, a hard disk recorder or a
>> > PC
>> > with
>> >
>> > a TV tuner in it.
>> >
>> > DoWNLoADeD ShoWS
>> >
>> > The popularity of catch-up services, such as the BBC's iPlayer, changes
>> > the
>> >
>> > situation slightly. What you're allowed to do with the files you
>> > download
>> >
>> > depends on the service you're using, so read the licence agreement
>> > carefully.
>> >
>> > Most have similar restrictions to iPlayer, so by using the service you
>> > agree
>> >
>> > "not to attempt to, or assist any other person to, copy, reproduce,
>> > lend,
>> > hire,
>> >
>> > broadcast, distribute or transmit in any other way the BBC Content in
>> > whole
>> > or
>> >
>> > in part other than by using the 'link to this Feature' or as permitted
>> > in
>> > these
>> >
>> > Terms or to circumvent or remove the digital rights security measures
>> > embedded
>> >
>> > in the BBC Content."
>> >
>> > As with other forms of DRM, bypassing the BBC's DRM is illegal. Paid-for
>> > rental
>> >
>> > programmes, such as those from iTunes and BT Vision, have more severe
>> >
>> > restrictions, and the DRM usually forces you to watch the rental during
>> > a
>> > set
>> >
>> > period. See the Movies section (above) for details.
>> >
>> > BooKS AND MAGAZINeS
>> >
>> > Books and magazines are protected by copyright, so you're not allowed to
>> > make
>> >
>> > copies of them except for personal research purposes (see the 'Fair
>> > dealing
>> > in
>> >
>> > UK law' box on page 117), subject to certain terms and conditions. This
>> > means
>> >
>> > that scanning a book and storing it on your computer is illegal.
>> > however,
>> > there
>> >
>> > are exceptions to this rule. If a title is out of copyright (see the box
>> > above
>> >
>> > for more information) you can make a copy of it legally.
>> >
>> > For example, you could scan it into your computer. Google has done this
>> > with
>> >
>> > its Books service ( http://books.google.com).
>> >
>> > You need to be careful, though. When a book or magazine is out of
>> > copyright,
>> >
>> > its words enter the public domain, but the pictures or artwork inside
>> > are
>> > not
>> >
>> > necessarily also free to copy. In fact, publishers often commission new
>> > artwork
>> >
>> > for different printings of a title, and these have separate copyright to
>> > the
>> >
>> > main text.
>> >
>> > prINT DoWNLoADS
>> >
>> > now that eBook readers are becoming more popular, a growing number of
>> > titles
>> > are
>> >
>> > available in digital formats. The rules governing what you can do with
>> > these
>> >
>> > vary depending on the type of eBook you have. First, there are books
>> > that
>> > you
>> >
>> > can download for free from sites such as Project Gutenberg (
>> > www.gutenberg.org).
>> >
>> > These books are scanned from titles that are out of copyright and
>> > converted
>> > to a
>> >
>> > range of formats for eBook readers and PCs. The important thing about
>> > these
>> >
>> > books is that they're out of copyright in the US, but not necessarily
>> > across
>> > the
>> >
>> > rest of the world. Before you download a title, check that there isn't
>> > still
>> > a
>> >
>> > UK copyright on the work. Provided the author has been dead for 70 years
>> > or
>> >
>> > longer, you'll be able to get the title for free.
>> >
>> > The second type of digital books are those that you download from
>> > bookstores
>> >
>> > such as CoolerBooks ( www.coolerbooks.com). These are protected by DRM
>> > and
>> > must
>> >
>> > be copied to an eBook reader using Adobe's Digital editions application.
>> >
>> > Depending on how you set up your software, the books you download are
>> > either
>> >
>> > restricted for use on a single computer or can be copied on up to five
>> > devices,
>> >
>> > which you authorise against your Digital editions account. Trying to
>> > remove
>> > the
>> >
>> > DRM is against the law.
>> >
>> > SofTWAre
>> >
>> > Any software you buy is governed by a licence that states what you can
>> > and
>> > can't
>> >
>> > do with it. Typically, you're allowed to make a single backup of the
>> >
>> > installation media, but you should read the licence agreement to check
>> > what
>> >
>> > you're allowed to do in each case.
>> >
>> > For example, Microsoft lets you back up your Windows 7 installation
>> > disc. As
>> >
>> > set out in the end User license Agreement (eUlA): "If you acquired the
>> > software
>> >
>> > on a disc or other media, you may make one backup copy of the media.
>> >
>> > You may use it only to reinstall the software on the licensed computer."
>> >
>> > If you download your software, similar rules exist and you're usually
>> > allowed to
>> >
>> > make a single backup of the installation file. Microsoft has this to say
>> > about
>> >
>> > downloaded versions of Windows 7: "If you purchased and downloaded the
>> > software
>> >
>> > online, you may make one copy of the software on a disc or other media
>> > in
>> > order
>> >
>> > to install the software on a computer. You may also use it to reinstall
>> > the
>> >
>> > software on the licensed computer."
>> >
>> > pC BACKUp
>> >
>> > At this point, you may be wondering what happens if you make a full
>> > backup
>> > of
>> >
>> > your PC using the built-in imaging software in Windows 7. Technically
>> > speaking,
>> >
>> > if you make multiple images of your PC, you're also making multiple
>> > backups
>> > of
>> >
>> > your software, so you could be in breach of some software licences. That
>> > said,
>> >
>> > you're unlikely to run into any problems using this method, as these
>> > backups
>> > are
>> >
>> > stored in files that can't be accessed without the backup software and
>> > can't
>> > be
>> >
>> > used to install software from scratch. What's more, Microsoft provides
>> > its
>> > own
>> >
>> > image-based backup software with Windows 7, which you can configure to
>> > run
>> > on a
>> >
>> > schedule, creating multiple backups.
>> >
>> > CoMpUTer GAMeS
>> >
>> > Technically speaking, computer games should fall into the same category
>> > as
>> >
>> > software, allowing you to make a backup of the installation media.
>> > however,
>> >
>> > this isn't necessarily the case. A big problem is that games developers
>> > often
>> >
>> > use copy protection to prevent their titles being copied and
>> > redistributed.
>> >
>> > Breaking the copy protection to make a backup violates the Copyright and
>> > Related
>> >
>> > Rights Regulations 2003 laws, in the same way that copying a DVD does.
>> > This
>> > is
>> >
>> > despite what you might read to the contrary on websites that specialise
>> > in
>> >
>> > providing tools to copy games.
>> >
>> > Downloaded games are subjected to a similar licence agreement as
>> > downloaded
>> >
>> > software. Read this licence before you make any copies to make sure
>> > you're
>> > not
>> >
>> > breaking the law.
>> >
>> > TAKe CAre
>> >
>> > The law can certainly be confusing when it comes to copyright and
>> > computers,
>> > and
>> >
>> > what you're allowed to do is often dictated by the industry group
>> > responsible
>> >
>> > for the content. The BPI says it won't try to sue you for copying your
>> > music
>> >
>> > CDs, while the film industry body FACT claims that it will prosecute if
>> > you
>> > copy
>> >
>> > a DVD.
>> >
>> > Further complications are added by our odd copyright laws, which make
>> > software
>> >
>> > and tools that can break copy protection or DRM illegal. This further
>> > limits
>> >
>> > what we can do with digital files. It's clear that the law needs to
>> > change,
>> > as
>> >
>> > we're moving into a world where we expect to be able to view our media
>> > where
>> > we
>> >
>> > want, when we want. We shouldn't be restricted by outdated concepts
>> > designed
>> >
>> > for music, films and software that are packaged on a single medium.
>> >
>> > In the meantime, you need to make sure you stay on the right side of the
>> > law.
>> >
>> > Read the terms and conditions of the online stores from which you buy
>> > digital
>> >
>> > media, and check the licence agreement for any software you own to make
>> > sure
>> > you
>> >
>> > don't fall foul of the law. Don't download any software that tries to
>> > break
>> > DRM
>> >
>> > or copy-protection, as you'll be breaking the law.
>> >
>> > For legal grey areas, such as copying CDs to your computer, the rule is
>> > to
>> > be
>> >
>> > careful. As long as you're only doing it for your own use and that of
>> > others
>> > in
>> >
>> > your household, you're unlikely to run into any trouble with the law.
>> >
>> > Unfortunately, that's as unambiguous as it gets.
>> >
>> > Fair Dealing in UK laW
>> >
>> > The UK has a specific section of its copyright laws that deals with
>> > exceptions.
>> >
>> > These Fair Dealing exceptions outline the situations where copyright law
>> > doesn't
>> >
>> > apply. The following examples are permitted, as long as they're limited
>> > to a
>> >
>> > certain degree and don't infringe the work of the copyright holder. If
>> > you're
>> >
>> > in any doubt as to whether or not what you want to do falls under Fair
>> > Dealing,
>> >
>> > you should contact the copyright holder and ask for permission to use
>> > the
>> > work,
>> >
>> > or contact a lawyer who specialises in copyright law.
>> >
>> > research For non-commercial anD privaTe sTUDy
>> >
>> > This allows you to make photocopies of a small number of pages from a
>> > book,
>> >
>> > provided that your research has no commercial application.
>> >
>> > criTicism, revieW or reporTing cUrrenT evenTs
>> >
>> > This allows journalists to quote from a source for the above purposes.
>> > There
>> >
>> > are limits, and you shouldn't use more of the source than is required
>> > for
>> > the
>> >
>> > purpose of criticism and review. You should quote the original source.
>> >
>> > inciDenTal inclUsion
>> >
>> > This deals with accidentally capturing a copyrighted work, such as in
>> > the
>> >
>> > background of a home video.
>> >
>> > library privilege
>> >
>> > British libraries have a special privilege that allows them to lend
>> > copyrighted
>> >
>> > works, although there are still a number of restrictions.
>> >
>> > Time-shiFTing recorDings
>> >
>> > This exception was introduced in 1988 as a result of the growing
>> > popularity
>> > of
>> >
>> > video recorders, and extends to any modern recording device, such as the
>> > Sky+
>> >
>> > box and other hard disk recorders. The limitation of the exception is
>> > that
>> > you
>> >
>> > may only record things with the specific intent of watching them at a
>> > more
>> >
>> > convenient time, not keeping them indefinitely.
>> >
>> > creaTing a bacKUp oF a compUTer program For personal Use
>> >
>> > Software, both on disc and downloaded, can be backed up, although the
>> >
>> > restrictions in place depend on the accompanying licence.
>> >
>> > When Does copyrighT expire?
>> >
>> > copyright exists for a limited period, after which a work is in the
>> > public
>> >
>> > domain and can be copied freely. This is why you can download free
>> > electronic
>> >
>> > books from www.gutenberg.org.
>> >
>> > Copyright differs depending on the work, the identified authors and the
>> > country
>> >
>> > of origin. The length also differs between countries, so a work may be
>> > in
>> >
>> > copyright in one country and in the public domain in another. In the UK,
>> >
>> > copyright lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years and applies to
>> > all
>> >
>> > literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works. If a work has more than
>> > one
>> >
>> > author, it expires 70 years after the death of the last survivor.
>> >
>> > A publisher's copyright is separate, and lasts 25 years from the end of
>> > the
>> > year
>> >
>> > in which it first published the work. This applies to all printed works
>> >
>> > including books, magazines and newspapers.
>> >
>> > For films, copyright is determined by the life of the principal
>> > director,
>> >
>> > screenwriter, author of the dialogue and composer of any original music.
>> > If
>> >
>> > none of these people is listed, copyright lasts for 50 years.
>> >
>> > Computer-generated works also have a copyright of 50 years from the
>> > creation
>> > of
>> >
>> > the work. TV and radio broadcasts made before 1956 have no copyright;
>> > those
>> >
>> > made after are copyright for 50 years.
>> >
>> > Copyright lengths can change over time. In the US the Sonny Bono Act, as
>> > it
>> > was
>> >
>> > known, extended copyright, although the extension depended on when the
>> > work
>> > was
>> >
>> > created. The act was also known as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act, as
>> > it
>> >
>> > stopped Walt Disney's early Mickey Mouse cartoons entering the public
>> > domain.
>> >
>> > UK copyright law was also extended in 1995 from the author's life plus
>> > 50
>> > years
>> >
>> > to the author's life plus 70 years. It was applied retrospectively to
>> > all
>> >
>> > works, which was good news for Great Ormond Street Hospital, as it
>> > extended
>> > its
>> >
>> > copyright of Peter Pan until 31st December 2007. The hospital also
>> > gained a
>> >
>> > perpetual extension to some of the work's rights, entitling it to
>> > royalties
>> > for
>> >
>> > any performance, publication or adaptation of the play.
>> >
>> >
>> > Technical telepathy: 09969636745
>> > Saints are not always saints; sinners are not always sinners.
>> >
>> >
>> > ------------------------------
>> >
>> > _______________________________________________
>> > AccessIndia mailing list
>> > AccessIndia at accessindia.org.in
>> > http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>> >
>> >
>> > End of AccessIndia Digest, Vol 53, Issue 139
>> > ********************************************
>> >
>>
>>
>> --
>> with regards robin
>> 8802488633
>>
>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>> disability bill at:
>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>
>> To unsubscribe send a message to accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> with the subject unsubscribe.
>>
>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>> please visit the list home page at
>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>  		 	   		
> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> disability bill at:
> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>
> To unsubscribe send a message to accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in with
> the subject unsubscribe.
>
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-- 
Taha Haaziq
201, Dattakrupa Apartmets
Dattawadi,
Mapusa 403507 Goa- India

Mobile:       +91 9970620111
Residence: +91 832 2264687
E-Mail: tahahaaziq at gmail.com
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