[AI] urdu braille

shazia rizvi s_hasan21 at hotmail.com
Mon Sep 27 09:39:46 EDT 2010


hello 

 if you are interested in learning urdu braille I can help you. 

regards 



 
Shazia Hasan
"When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one which has opened for us."
-
Helen Keller

 
Shazia Hasan
"When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one which has opened for us."
-
Helen Keller



 

> Date: Sun, 26 Sep 2010 12:33:27 +0530
> From: smilerobin123 at gmail.com
> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> Subject: [AI] urdu braille
> 
> hello friends. I am very interested in learning urdu braillecould any
> bodytell me how could get an approach to this?
> 
> 
> On 9/24/10, accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
> <accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in> wrote:
> > Send AccessIndia mailing list submissions to
> > accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> >
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> > http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >
> > or, via email, send a message with subject or body 'help' to
> > accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
> >
> > You can reach the person managing the list at
> > accessindia-owner at accessindia.org.in
> >
> > When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific
> > than "Re: Contents of AccessIndia digest..."
> >
> >
> > Today's Topics:
> >
> > 1. braille printers (Vgem Vadagam)
> > 2. Re: behaviour of my superior (Mahesh Shah)
> > 3. Re: behaviour of my superior (Subramani L)
> > 4. Re: behaviour of my superior (rahul cherian)
> > 5. How instal Talks on nokia N.79 (Prashanth MN)
> > 6. Is it legal? (Sanjay)
> >
> >
> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> >
> > Message: 1
> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 13:40:59 +0530 (IST)
> > From: Vgem Vadagam <vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in>
> > To: basavaraju.d at rediffmail.com
> > Cc: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> > Subject: [AI] braille printers
> > Message-ID: <65186.16565.qm at web137418.mail.in.yahoo.com>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
> >
> > hello,
> > ????????? i started to use basic -d with duxbury software from 2000. ?we
> > were able to give brl. material,
> > stories, quiz and question papers.?which is donated by rotary
> > club(portcity).. we got tgd software to embosse outline maps and pictures.
> > it is very good.
> > after my retirment? as a principal i could able to collect one?basic -d
> > printer with duxbury? through rotaryclub,visakhapatnam. now we prepared and
> > supplied?history notes for intermediate in telugu.
> > if anybody wants brl. material we can supply. u can contact president,
> > sahridayavizag at gmail.com
> > or vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in? mobile.09440778183. we are planning to release a
> > monthly magzine in our regional language.
> >
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > Message: 2
> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 14:22:45 +0530
> > From: Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com>
> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> > Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
> > Message-ID:
> > <AANLkTikHYCh_5bpyDThdzF3_6jpEuiXDroyBp4wDKhv4 at mail.gmail.com>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
> >
> > On 9/24/10, rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com> wrote:
> >> Dear Mahesh,
> >>
> >> This is a terrible situation. I think the press would definitely be
> >> interested to cover this. This kind of act must be exposed, in my opinion.
> >> Moreover, since C-DAC is a governmental organisation, you would possible
> >> even have a constitutional remedy.
> >>
> >> Do let me know if you need help in reaching out to the press. Subramani
> >> also
> >> should be able to cover this. Subramani what do you think? Is there a
> >> story
> >> here?
> >>
> >> Just a word of caution. going to the press has adverse effects as well as
> >> you may already know.
> >>
> >> Best regards,
> >>
> >> Rahul Cherian
> >> Inclusive Planet
> >>
> >> On 24 September 2010 12:28, akhilesh <akhil.akhil29 at gmail.com> wrote:
> >>
> >>> Dear MR. Mahesh,
> >>> I?m very sad and angry that such discriminatory incidence has happened
> >>> with you.
> >>> When these type of situations occur and your superior or or for
> >>> example, any other person behaves like this, the most effective
> >>> solution is to record such type of conversations probably that
> >>> particular recording will give you nothing for this time, but it
> >>> surely do two important things:
> >>> 1. for the next time, you?ll not be discriminated like this;
> >>> 2. These type of persons will surely thing at least many times
> >>> before
> >>> committing such acts.
> >>>
> >>> I?ve done recordings of these sorts of conversations and they have
> >>> been very very effective. Respected Vashishth sir knows about it, and
> >>> he himself has done recordings in some occasions.
> >>> With regards,
> >>> Akhilesh.
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> On 9/24/10, Srinivasu Chakravarthula <srinivasu at srinivasu.org> wrote:
> >>> > Mahesh,
> >>> > Yet, I don't blame your boss although he is totally wrong, unless this
> >>> > has happened to you in the past as well. If it was for the first time.
> >>> > I think, you should have taken a little effort and tell him how VI
> >>> > people represent across the globe and that would have surely convinced
> >>> > him.
> >>> >
> >>> > Although it is a common attitude, but most people would not do that
> >>> > intentionally but due to lack of awareness.
> >>> >
> >>> > Thanks,
> >>> > Srinivasu
> >>> >
> >>> > On 9/24/10, sunil <sunilsangtani99 at gmail.com> wrote:
> >>> >> disgusting. these superiors really dont know how to talk with there
> >>> >> kaleeks but sir, you shouldnt give up this golden opportunity so
> >>> >> easyly.
> >>> >> you could try to understand him.
> >>> >> anyways friends, this is not a one- happened thing, now we strongly
> >>> >> nneed any rools or awairness to stop these nonsense.
> >>> >>
> >>> >> On 9/24/10, Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com> wrote:
> >>> >>> Dear Friends--
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> I am writing to this list after a long time. I wish to tell you an
> >>> >>> incident happened in my office , which shocked me.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> Every year, a delegation goes from my office, C-DAC, to participate
> >>> >>> in
> >>> >>> SuperComputing conference in USA. This year I put my self-nomination
> >>> >>> for this. I am the most qualified and most senior person for the job.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> But my boss called me for a one-to-one discussion and informed me
> >>> >>> that
> >>> >>> it will be 'embarrasing' to send a person (VI) like me in . the
> >>> >>> delegation. Because I will require someone's support and will hold
> >>> >>> someone's hand. Also if some accident happens to me because of my
> >>> >>> disability, he and office will be hold responsible for why they sent
> >>> >>> such a person.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> I was really shocked and upset with the behaviour. Then I withdrew my
> >>> >>> nomination for participation in the conference.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> Friends, I want to show you that how these learned so-called
> >>> >>> superiors
> >>> >>> fail to understand the VI peoples aspirations and behave in such a
> >>> >>> nonsense way.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> Thanks for sharing my concerns.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> Mahesh Shah
> >>> >>> Pune
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> >>> >>> disability bill at:
> >>> >>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> To unsubscribe send a message to
> >>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
> >>> >>> with
> >>> >>> the subject unsubscribe.
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
> >>> >>> please
> >>> >>> visit the list home page at
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>>
> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >>> >>>
> >>> >>
> >>> >>
> >>> >> --
> >>> >> "Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none."
> >>> >> ~William Shakespeare
> >>> >>
> >>> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> >>> >> disability bill at:
> >>> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> >>> >>
> >>> >> To unsubscribe send a message to
> >>> >> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
> >>> >> with
> >>> >> the subject unsubscribe.
> >>> >>
> >>> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
> >>> >> please
> >>> >> visit the list home page at
> >>> >>
> >>> >>
> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >>> >>
> >>> >
> >>> > --
> >>> > Sent from my mobile device
> >>> >
> >>> > Best regards,
> >>> >
> >>> > Srinivasu Chakravarthula
> >>> > Mobile: +91 990 081 0881
> >>> > Website: http://www.srinivasu.org | http://www.learnaccessibility.org
> >>> > Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/VasuTweets
> >>> >
> >>> > Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> >>> > disability bill at:
> >>> > http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> >>> >
> >>> > To unsubscribe send a message to
> >>> > accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith
> >>> > the subject unsubscribe.
> >>> >
> >>> > To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
> >>> please
> >>> > visit the list home page at
> >>> >
> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >>> >
> >>>
> >>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> >>> disability bill at:
> >>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> >>>
> >>> To unsubscribe send a message to
> >>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
> >>>
> >>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
> >>> please visit the list home page at
> >>>
> >>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >>>
> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> >> disability bill at:
> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> >>
> >> To unsubscribe send a message to accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
> >> with
> >> the subject unsubscribe.
> >>
> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
> >> please
> >> visit the list home page at
> >>
> >> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >>
> >
> >
> >
> > Thanks all for sharing your concerns. I really do not wish to make
> > a story out of this.
> >
> > Best Regards,
> >
> > --
> > Mahesh Shah
> > Pune
> >
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > Message: 3
> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 03:26:08 -0700
> > From: Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com>
> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> > Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
> > Message-ID:
> > <AANLkTimi=V46ENZNyORmxuWoOnuRFMw-EG+MgQW33x8y at mail.gmail.com>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
> >
> > It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
> > minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
> > who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
> > accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
> > developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
> > things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
> > things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
> > put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
> > Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
> > people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
> > not your's.
> >
> > Subramani
> >
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > Message: 4
> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:03:54 +0530
> > From: rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com>
> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> > Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
> > Message-ID:
> > <AANLkTinOQNFptBWxyiwiJ8eU0cuS93x42+vZE7AcUzkG at mail.gmail.com>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
> >
> > I think that a comprehensive approach is needed, both in terms of legal
> > strategy as well as media engagement. One without the other will not make
> > any significant difference. If we as educated, technology using persons with
> > disabilities fail to respond to, and take up such issues change will happen
> > only slowly. We have to make change happen and not wait for it to take its
> > time.
> >
> > Mahesh, do let me know whether I should get some journalists to get in touch
> > with you.
> >
> >
> >
> > On 24 September 2010 15:56, Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> >> It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
> >> minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
> >> who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
> >> accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
> >> developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
> >> things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
> >> things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
> >> put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
> >> Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
> >> people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
> >> not your's.
> >>
> >> Subramani
> >>
> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
> >> disability bill at:
> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> >>
> >> To unsubscribe send a message to
> >> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
> >>
> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
> >> please visit the list home page at
> >> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >>
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > Message: 5
> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:11:06 +0530
> > From: Prashanth MN <prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com>
> > To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> > Subject: [AI] How instal Talks on nokia N.79
> > Message-ID:
> > <AANLkTik+0Ydk3viF_OHWEYnPQVYen3pU-1jCRyX-_=fn at mail.gmail.com>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
> >
> > Hello Friends: I am prashanth. i have Nokia n.79 hand set. I have to
> > instal Talks on it. Please help me by Giving detail Information. I
> > need to know how to apply lisence and how to instal. If you have any
> > information and patches please send me at prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com
> >
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > Message: 6
> > Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:15:07 +0530
> > From: "Sanjay" <ilovecold at gmail.com>
> > To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
> > Subject: [AI] Is it legal?
> > Message-ID: <002101cb5bd5$9fab5ac0$0201a8c0 at user>
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"
> >
> > As I found this article interesting, I am pasting here. I would like to
> > know How Indian copyright laws deal with digital materials and technical
> > complications mentioned in this article.
> >
> >
> >
> > UK copyright law is a confusing mess where nobody's quite sure what
> > they're
> >
> > allowed to do. David Ludlow cuts through the legalease to find out what you
> > can
> >
> > and can't do with your computer
> >
> > We all know that downloading movies and games over BitTorrent is illegal,
> > but
> >
> > what are our legal rights when it comes to handling content we've paid for?
> > A
> >
> > recent survey by Consumer Focus, a statutory organisation campaigning for a
> > fair
> >
> > deal for British consumers, found that 73 per cent of the 2,026 people asked
> >
> > were "never quite sure what is legal and illegal under current copyright
> > law".
> >
> > The main confusion was around digital technologies and issues such as
> > ripping a
> >
> > CD for use on a computer or copying files to an MP3 player.
> >
> > It's a damning statistic and shows just how complicated modern life has
> > become
> >
> > and how out of date our copyright laws are.
> >
> > The biggest problem is the wash of misinformation out there. It's obvious
> > that
> >
> > it's illegal to download copyright-protected material from the internet, but
> >
> > what about making copies of TV programmes or computer games that we've
> > bought?
> >
> > People often mention concepts such as 'fair use' and claim this gives them
> > the
> >
> > right to make a 'backup' copy. Unfortunately, many of these pieces of
> > so-called
> >
> > wisdom aren't true, and by using your computer in this way, you may well be
> >
> > breaking the law. Fortunately, we're here to help with our guide to what you
> >
> > can and can't do.
> >
> > off The reCorD
> >
> > The massive popularity of iTunes and the iPod, not to mention devices
> > designed
> >
> > for making backups of old records, would seem to imply that you're legally
> >
> > allowed to transfer any music you've bought to your computer. Sadly, this
> > isn't
> >
> > the case and converting your CDs, vinyl collection or cassettes to MP3 is
> >
> > actually illegal unless you own the copyright for the material.
> >
> > The reason that copying your own music is illegal is that it's not really
> > yours.
> >
> > When you buy an album or single, you pay for the right to use that music in
> > the
> >
> > purchased format, and not to do with it as you see fit. Converting a disc to
> >
> > MP3 format and listening to it on your computer or MP3 player is completely
> >
> > illegal.
> >
> > There is a silver lining to this, which is reassuring but further
> > complicates
> >
> > the issue. The British Phonographic Institute (BPI), which represents the
> >
> > established music industry in the UK, has stated that it won't prosecute
> > anyone
> >
> > who converts music they've bought into a digital format. In other words,
> > while
> >
> > copying music is illegal, doing so for your personal use won't get you into
> >
> > trouble with the BPI, which is the only large organisation in the UK likely
> > to
> >
> > sue over music copyright violations.
> >
> > DIGITAL MUSIC
> >
> > The rules are different for music downloads, as the format requires you to
> > make
> >
> > a digital copy of a music track or album. This means that making copies is
> >
> > acceptable within certain criteria. When music was first sold online, it
> > used
> >
> > Digital Rights Management (DRM) to restrict the number and types of devices
> > on
> >
> > which the tracks could be played. Today, no stores use DRM, which means the
> >
> > tracks downloaded could technically be copied any number of times and played
> > on
> >
> > practically any device. What you're allowed to do with downloaded music
> > depends
> >
> > on the terms of use of the service you use. All music download services have
> >
> > similar sets of conditions under which you can use the downloaded music.
> > You're
> >
> > usually granted the right to copy, burn and use tracks for your own personal
> >
> > use.
> >
> > For example, the Amazon MP3 Music Service grants you a "non-exclusive,
> >
> > non-transferable right to use the Digital Content for your personal,
> >
> > non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in accordance with the
> > Terms
> >
> > of Use. You may copy, store, transfer and burn the Digital Content only for
> >
> > your personal, non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in
> > accordance
> >
> > with the Terms of Use."
> >
> > Of course, there are restrictions too. To paraphrase the following, you can
> > do
> >
> > what you like with the music, as long as you keep it to yourself. In
> > Amazon's
> >
> > case, you agree that "you will use the Service only for your personal,
> >
> > non-commercial, entertainment use and not for any redistribution of the
> > Digital
> >
> > Content or other use restricted in this Section 2.2. You agree not to
> > infringe
> >
> > the rights of the Digital Content's copyright owners and to comply with all
> >
> > applicable laws in your use of the Digital Content. except as set forth in
> >
> > Section 2.1 above, you agree that you will not redistribute, transmit,
> > assign,
> >
> > sell, broadcast, rent, share, lend, modify, adapt, edit, license or
> > otherwise
> >
> > transfer or use the Digital Content. You are not granted any
> > synchronisation,
> >
> > public performance, promotional use, commercial sale, resale, reproduction
> > or
> >
> > distribution rights for the Digital Content. You acknowledge that the
> > Digital
> >
> > Content embodies the intellectual property of a third party and is protected
> > by
> >
> > law."
> >
> > While this might sound a little confusing, the upshot is that you can back
> > up
> >
> > any music file you've downloaded, transfer it to CD or a music player and
> > use it
> >
> > as you see fit. The key phrases are "only for your personal... use" and "you
> >
> > will not redistribute". If your handling of the music files is for your own
> >
> > use, without commercial interest, you're not breaking the law or the terms
> > of
> >
> > use set out by the music service.
> >
> > Digital licences are far less restrictive than those that cover a physical
> >
> > product, but there's still an issue around what counts as personal use. In
> >
> > effect, personal use allows you and members of your household to use the
> > music
> >
> > you've downloaded (or ripped from CD, if you choose to accept the BPI's
> >
> > assurance). Provided the people you share your music with live at your home,
> >
> > you should be fine. Some services don't specify limits on this, but others
> > do.
> >
> > For example, Apple imposes the following limit in its terms and conditions
> > of
> >
> > sale:
> >
> > "You shall be authorised to use the Products on up to five devices (such as
> > a
> >
> > computer) with the iTunes application installed at any time, except in the
> > case
> >
> > of Film Rentals."
> >
> > The general rule is that if you use and share your music fairly inside your
> >
> > home, you won't get into any trouble. Start distributing files far and wide
> > and
> >
> > you'll run into problems.
> >
> > AT The MoVIeS
> >
> > Wouldn't it be great to have an entire movie collection on your hard disk so
> >
> > that you could access any of your films at the touch of a button? Sadly, as
> > the
> >
> > law currently stands, this is very unlikely be a legal option. As with
> > music,
> >
> > the act of copying a DVD or Blu-ray disc is illegal. The group that protects
> >
> > the copyright of films and TV programmes, the Federation Against Copyright
> > Theft
> >
> > (FACT), has never said that it won't prosecute people for copying discs they
> > own
> >
> > for their own personal use.
> >
> > What's more, films almost always feature digital copy protection, which
> > encrypts
> >
> > the movie data and makes it harder to copy. The very presence of the
> > encryption
> >
> > adds further protection from another law called the Copyright and Related
> > Rights
> >
> > Regulations 2003. This makes a criminal offences of "manufacturing for sale
> > or
> >
> > hire, importation, advertising or marketing a service the purposes of which
> > is
> >
> > to enable or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures" and
> > "providing,
> >
> > promoting, advertising or marketing a service the purpose of which is to
> > enable
> >
> > or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures".
> >
> > In other words, software that would let you copy a protected disc is illegal
> > to
> >
> > sell and perhaps even to buy in some circumstances. It's also illegal for
> >
> > magazines such as Shopper to promote it. This is rather an odd law, as it
> >
> > completely ignores how the software might be used. For example, such
> > software
> >
> > can be used to remove the copy protection part of a Blu-ray disc that stops
> > it
> >
> > playing on a digital display that lacks high Definition Content Protection
> >
> > (hDCP) encryption. This kind of software can also allow a PC to play a disc
> >
> > encoded to any region, which means UK consumers could play discs set for use
> > in
> >
> > the US. Using this kind of software is currently illegal even if you don't
> > copy
> >
> > the disc and, therefore, don't break conventional copyright laws.
> >
> > Bizarrely, under current law it's not illegal to buy pirate DVDs - only to
> > sell
> >
> > them. This leads to the strange situation where doing something that takes
> >
> > money away from the copyright holder is permitted, but using movies at your
> >
> > convenience is breaking the law. Buying a pirate DVD and copying it remains
> >
> > illegal because you'd be making a copy of content that's protected by law.
> > This
> >
> > is why downloading a film using BitTorrent is illegal, as you're making an
> >
> > illegal copy of the film.
> >
> > MoVIe DoWNLoADS
> >
> > Film downloads from places such as the iTunes store have similar limitations
> > to
> >
> > music, but the important difference is that they're protected by DRM. This
> > is
> >
> > unlikely to change in the future. The limitations imposed by DRM differ from
> >
> > service to service, but they're usually similar. Typically, you authorise a
> >
> > computer to play a specific film, and you're usually allowed to transfer
> > this to
> >
> > a portable device. The DRM stops you transferring the film to a friend or
> >
> > sharing it online.
> >
> > It's also possible to rent movies and TV shows online. Again, DRM plays an
> >
> > important part in dictating what you can and can't do. Typically, the system
> >
> > lets you start watching it at any time during a 30-day period. however, as
> > soon
> >
> > as you click the play button, you have just 48-hours to complete your
> > viewing.
> >
> > The film or show can usually be viewed an unlimited number of times during
> > this
> >
> > 48-hour period.
> >
> > reCorDING TV
> >
> > The UK law was changed with the advent of video recorders to let people
> > record
> >
> > television programmes. however, the key phrasing of the law is that this is
> >
> > allowed for "time shifting" only. In other words, you're allowed to record
> >
> > anything on television to watch at a more convenient time but you're not
> > allowed
> >
> > to record programmes and keep them indefinitely. This law applies to all
> > forms
> >
> > of recording, whether you're using an old VCR, a hard disk recorder or a PC
> > with
> >
> > a TV tuner in it.
> >
> > DoWNLoADeD ShoWS
> >
> > The popularity of catch-up services, such as the BBC's iPlayer, changes the
> >
> > situation slightly. What you're allowed to do with the files you download
> >
> > depends on the service you're using, so read the licence agreement
> > carefully.
> >
> > Most have similar restrictions to iPlayer, so by using the service you agree
> >
> > "not to attempt to, or assist any other person to, copy, reproduce, lend,
> > hire,
> >
> > broadcast, distribute or transmit in any other way the BBC Content in whole
> > or
> >
> > in part other than by using the 'link to this Feature' or as permitted in
> > these
> >
> > Terms or to circumvent or remove the digital rights security measures
> > embedded
> >
> > in the BBC Content."
> >
> > As with other forms of DRM, bypassing the BBC's DRM is illegal. Paid-for
> > rental
> >
> > programmes, such as those from iTunes and BT Vision, have more severe
> >
> > restrictions, and the DRM usually forces you to watch the rental during a
> > set
> >
> > period. See the Movies section (above) for details.
> >
> > BooKS AND MAGAZINeS
> >
> > Books and magazines are protected by copyright, so you're not allowed to
> > make
> >
> > copies of them except for personal research purposes (see the 'Fair dealing
> > in
> >
> > UK law' box on page 117), subject to certain terms and conditions. This
> > means
> >
> > that scanning a book and storing it on your computer is illegal. however,
> > there
> >
> > are exceptions to this rule. If a title is out of copyright (see the box
> > above
> >
> > for more information) you can make a copy of it legally.
> >
> > For example, you could scan it into your computer. Google has done this with
> >
> > its Books service ( http://books.google.com).
> >
> > You need to be careful, though. When a book or magazine is out of copyright,
> >
> > its words enter the public domain, but the pictures or artwork inside are
> > not
> >
> > necessarily also free to copy. In fact, publishers often commission new
> > artwork
> >
> > for different printings of a title, and these have separate copyright to the
> >
> > main text.
> >
> > prINT DoWNLoADS
> >
> > now that eBook readers are becoming more popular, a growing number of titles
> > are
> >
> > available in digital formats. The rules governing what you can do with these
> >
> > vary depending on the type of eBook you have. First, there are books that
> > you
> >
> > can download for free from sites such as Project Gutenberg (
> > www.gutenberg.org).
> >
> > These books are scanned from titles that are out of copyright and converted
> > to a
> >
> > range of formats for eBook readers and PCs. The important thing about these
> >
> > books is that they're out of copyright in the US, but not necessarily across
> > the
> >
> > rest of the world. Before you download a title, check that there isn't still
> > a
> >
> > UK copyright on the work. Provided the author has been dead for 70 years or
> >
> > longer, you'll be able to get the title for free.
> >
> > The second type of digital books are those that you download from bookstores
> >
> > such as CoolerBooks ( www.coolerbooks.com). These are protected by DRM and
> > must
> >
> > be copied to an eBook reader using Adobe's Digital editions application.
> >
> > Depending on how you set up your software, the books you download are either
> >
> > restricted for use on a single computer or can be copied on up to five
> > devices,
> >
> > which you authorise against your Digital editions account. Trying to remove
> > the
> >
> > DRM is against the law.
> >
> > SofTWAre
> >
> > Any software you buy is governed by a licence that states what you can and
> > can't
> >
> > do with it. Typically, you're allowed to make a single backup of the
> >
> > installation media, but you should read the licence agreement to check what
> >
> > you're allowed to do in each case.
> >
> > For example, Microsoft lets you back up your Windows 7 installation disc. As
> >
> > set out in the end User license Agreement (eUlA): "If you acquired the
> > software
> >
> > on a disc or other media, you may make one backup copy of the media.
> >
> > You may use it only to reinstall the software on the licensed computer."
> >
> > If you download your software, similar rules exist and you're usually
> > allowed to
> >
> > make a single backup of the installation file. Microsoft has this to say
> > about
> >
> > downloaded versions of Windows 7: "If you purchased and downloaded the
> > software
> >
> > online, you may make one copy of the software on a disc or other media in
> > order
> >
> > to install the software on a computer. You may also use it to reinstall the
> >
> > software on the licensed computer."
> >
> > pC BACKUp
> >
> > At this point, you may be wondering what happens if you make a full backup
> > of
> >
> > your PC using the built-in imaging software in Windows 7. Technically
> > speaking,
> >
> > if you make multiple images of your PC, you're also making multiple backups
> > of
> >
> > your software, so you could be in breach of some software licences. That
> > said,
> >
> > you're unlikely to run into any problems using this method, as these backups
> > are
> >
> > stored in files that can't be accessed without the backup software and can't
> > be
> >
> > used to install software from scratch. What's more, Microsoft provides its
> > own
> >
> > image-based backup software with Windows 7, which you can configure to run
> > on a
> >
> > schedule, creating multiple backups.
> >
> > CoMpUTer GAMeS
> >
> > Technically speaking, computer games should fall into the same category as
> >
> > software, allowing you to make a backup of the installation media. however,
> >
> > this isn't necessarily the case. A big problem is that games developers
> > often
> >
> > use copy protection to prevent their titles being copied and redistributed.
> >
> > Breaking the copy protection to make a backup violates the Copyright and
> > Related
> >
> > Rights Regulations 2003 laws, in the same way that copying a DVD does. This
> > is
> >
> > despite what you might read to the contrary on websites that specialise in
> >
> > providing tools to copy games.
> >
> > Downloaded games are subjected to a similar licence agreement as downloaded
> >
> > software. Read this licence before you make any copies to make sure you're
> > not
> >
> > breaking the law.
> >
> > TAKe CAre
> >
> > The law can certainly be confusing when it comes to copyright and computers,
> > and
> >
> > what you're allowed to do is often dictated by the industry group
> > responsible
> >
> > for the content. The BPI says it won't try to sue you for copying your music
> >
> > CDs, while the film industry body FACT claims that it will prosecute if you
> > copy
> >
> > a DVD.
> >
> > Further complications are added by our odd copyright laws, which make
> > software
> >
> > and tools that can break copy protection or DRM illegal. This further limits
> >
> > what we can do with digital files. It's clear that the law needs to change,
> > as
> >
> > we're moving into a world where we expect to be able to view our media where
> > we
> >
> > want, when we want. We shouldn't be restricted by outdated concepts designed
> >
> > for music, films and software that are packaged on a single medium.
> >
> > In the meantime, you need to make sure you stay on the right side of the
> > law.
> >
> > Read the terms and conditions of the online stores from which you buy
> > digital
> >
> > media, and check the licence agreement for any software you own to make sure
> > you
> >
> > don't fall foul of the law. Don't download any software that tries to break
> > DRM
> >
> > or copy-protection, as you'll be breaking the law.
> >
> > For legal grey areas, such as copying CDs to your computer, the rule is to
> > be
> >
> > careful. As long as you're only doing it for your own use and that of others
> > in
> >
> > your household, you're unlikely to run into any trouble with the law.
> >
> > Unfortunately, that's as unambiguous as it gets.
> >
> > Fair Dealing in UK laW
> >
> > The UK has a specific section of its copyright laws that deals with
> > exceptions.
> >
> > These Fair Dealing exceptions outline the situations where copyright law
> > doesn't
> >
> > apply. The following examples are permitted, as long as they're limited to a
> >
> > certain degree and don't infringe the work of the copyright holder. If
> > you're
> >
> > in any doubt as to whether or not what you want to do falls under Fair
> > Dealing,
> >
> > you should contact the copyright holder and ask for permission to use the
> > work,
> >
> > or contact a lawyer who specialises in copyright law.
> >
> > research For non-commercial anD privaTe sTUDy
> >
> > This allows you to make photocopies of a small number of pages from a book,
> >
> > provided that your research has no commercial application.
> >
> > criTicism, revieW or reporTing cUrrenT evenTs
> >
> > This allows journalists to quote from a source for the above purposes. There
> >
> > are limits, and you shouldn't use more of the source than is required for
> > the
> >
> > purpose of criticism and review. You should quote the original source.
> >
> > inciDenTal inclUsion
> >
> > This deals with accidentally capturing a copyrighted work, such as in the
> >
> > background of a home video.
> >
> > library privilege
> >
> > British libraries have a special privilege that allows them to lend
> > copyrighted
> >
> > works, although there are still a number of restrictions.
> >
> > Time-shiFTing recorDings
> >
> > This exception was introduced in 1988 as a result of the growing popularity
> > of
> >
> > video recorders, and extends to any modern recording device, such as the
> > Sky+
> >
> > box and other hard disk recorders. The limitation of the exception is that
> > you
> >
> > may only record things with the specific intent of watching them at a more
> >
> > convenient time, not keeping them indefinitely.
> >
> > creaTing a bacKUp oF a compUTer program For personal Use
> >
> > Software, both on disc and downloaded, can be backed up, although the
> >
> > restrictions in place depend on the accompanying licence.
> >
> > When Does copyrighT expire?
> >
> > copyright exists for a limited period, after which a work is in the public
> >
> > domain and can be copied freely. This is why you can download free
> > electronic
> >
> > books from www.gutenberg.org.
> >
> > Copyright differs depending on the work, the identified authors and the
> > country
> >
> > of origin. The length also differs between countries, so a work may be in
> >
> > copyright in one country and in the public domain in another. In the UK,
> >
> > copyright lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years and applies to all
> >
> > literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works. If a work has more than one
> >
> > author, it expires 70 years after the death of the last survivor.
> >
> > A publisher's copyright is separate, and lasts 25 years from the end of the
> > year
> >
> > in which it first published the work. This applies to all printed works
> >
> > including books, magazines and newspapers.
> >
> > For films, copyright is determined by the life of the principal director,
> >
> > screenwriter, author of the dialogue and composer of any original music. If
> >
> > none of these people is listed, copyright lasts for 50 years.
> >
> > Computer-generated works also have a copyright of 50 years from the creation
> > of
> >
> > the work. TV and radio broadcasts made before 1956 have no copyright; those
> >
> > made after are copyright for 50 years.
> >
> > Copyright lengths can change over time. In the US the Sonny Bono Act, as it
> > was
> >
> > known, extended copyright, although the extension depended on when the work
> > was
> >
> > created. The act was also known as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act, as it
> >
> > stopped Walt Disney's early Mickey Mouse cartoons entering the public
> > domain.
> >
> > UK copyright law was also extended in 1995 from the author's life plus 50
> > years
> >
> > to the author's life plus 70 years. It was applied retrospectively to all
> >
> > works, which was good news for Great Ormond Street Hospital, as it extended
> > its
> >
> > copyright of Peter Pan until 31st December 2007. The hospital also gained a
> >
> > perpetual extension to some of the work's rights, entitling it to royalties
> > for
> >
> > any performance, publication or adaptation of the play.
> >
> >
> > Technical telepathy: 09969636745
> > Saints are not always saints; sinners are not always sinners.
> >
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > _______________________________________________
> > AccessIndia mailing list
> > AccessIndia at accessindia.org.in
> > http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
> >
> >
> > End of AccessIndia Digest, Vol 53, Issue 139
> > ********************************************
> >
> 
> 
> -- 
> with regards robin
> 8802488633
> 
> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with disability bill at:
> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
> 
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