[AI] advance projects

Sanjay ilovecold at gmail.com
Mon Sep 27 05:37:17 EDT 2010


If you've just bought a new hard disk, there's a fairly good chance that you'll

want it to be your primary disk from which you boot. Whether that's because

your old disk is too slow or because it's failing, copying everything to your

new disk isn't as easy as it sounds. Fortunately, we're here to help with our

complete guide on how to transfer everything from an old disk to a new one.

David Ludlow 

Editor 

copying an old hard disk to a new one 

You don't need to reinstall Windows if you've installed a new hard disk. david

Ludlow shows you how to clone your old disk

On the face of it, copying an old hard disk to a new one should simply be a

matter of dragging files from one to the other. However, it's not that simple.

You'll face two problems doing it this way: Windows will lock some files and

won't let you copy them, and boot information won't be carried across.

To do it properly, you need disk-cloning software. This runs on a bootable CD

and lets you copy every aspect of one hard disk, including applications, files,

the operating system and boot information, to another disk. In this month's

Advanced Projects we'll show you how to do this with CloneZilla, which is

completely free.

CloneZilla allows you to copy one disk to another or one partition to another

disk. It can even expand a smaller disk to fill a larger one, so that you don't

have to create new partitions manually. No matter how you want to deal with

your new disk, though, we'll take you through the process step by step.

First, download CloneZilla from www.clonezilla.org/download/sourceforge. Click

the Stable (Debian-based) iso/zip and download the latest version of the .iso

file to your hard disk. You then need to write the .iso file to a blank CD.

You can use any disc-burning software for this. Windows 7 has native support

for .iso files; simply right-click on the file, select Open with, Windows Disc

Image Burner and click the Burn button.

If you're using an older operating system you can use the free CDBurnerXP (

http://cdburnerxp.se) application to burn your disc.

1 

Boot from the CloneZilla CD you created earlier and you'll get to choose the

resolution in which you want to run the software. Unless you're using a

particularly small screen or you're having other problems, the first menu option

(1,024x768) is the best.

When the main application starts, select English as your language. The next

screen will ask you to configure your keyboard, but it's best to leave the

default settings, so select Don't touch keymap. Select Start CloneZilla on the

next screen. In the next menu, select how you want to use the software. As we

want to copy one hard disk to another, choose device-device; the device-image

option makes a backup image of a hard disk. Select Expert on the next screen.

3 

To make a complete copy of a hard disk, select disk_to_local_disk; the other

options let you copy a hard disk to a hard disk on another computer, or just

copy one partition. On the next screen you'll need to select your source hard

disk. As we haven't changed anything yet, this will be the first hard disk in

your computer, listed as sda or hda. Check the displayed model number and

listed size of the disk to make sure you've chosen the right one. It's very

important to do this, or you could lose all your data.

The next screen shows the available source hard disks; if you have only two

disks in your computer, your new hard disk will be the only one shown. Make

sure you make the right selection if you have multiple hard disks and press

Enter. Press Enter again.

4 

You'll now see a list of the Expert options you can select. If you'd like to

use just your new hard disk, select 'Resize the filesystem to fit partition size

of target partition'. This will expand your old disk to fit your new one. If

you leave this option blank, your old hard disk will be copied to a partition of

the same size on your new hard disk; to use any extra space, you'll have to

create a new partition in Windows. Select 'Use the partition table from the

source disk' on the next menu to start the copy procedure. Press Enter to

continue.

5 

CloneZilla will now check your hard disks and ask if you want to continue. Type

Y and press Enter. Type Y and press Enter, again to confirm the second warning.

Finally, type Y and press Enter to confirm that you want to copy the boot sector

of your hard disk (if you don't, you'll be unable to boot from your new hard

disk). Finally, type Y and press Enter again to confirm that you want to clone

your hard disk.

6 

CloneZilla will now copy your old hard disk to your new one, which can take

anything from around 20 minutes to a couple of hours. When it's finished, press

Enter to continue. Press 1 to reboot your computer, remove the CD when it's

ejected and press Enter to confirm.

choosing the Boot PRioRitY 

To boot from your new hard disk you need to make sure it's the first boot disk.

There are two ways of doing this. First, you can switch data cables between

your old hard disk and new hard disk. As SATA ports are numbered, this will put

your new hard disk further up the chain than your old one. An easier method is

to use the BIOS to set the hard disk boot priority. All BIOSes are slightly

different, but the basic options are similar. Look in the Advanced BIOS

Features menu for an option called Hard Disk Boot Priority. In this menu,

select your new hard disk as the first model to boot from. You'll be able to

identify hard disks by their model name.

If you don't have a Hard Disk Boot Priority menu, your disks should be listed in

the standard boot priority options in the Advanced BIOS Features menu. Select

the Second Boot Device option and press Enter. From the list of options, select

your new hard disk. Save your settings and exit the BIOS. Your computer should

now start automatically from your new hard disk.

conFigURing WinDoWs 

If you click on Computer in the Start menu you'll find that only one hard disk

is listed. This is because when you cloned your existing hard disk it copied

the disk signature, which Windows uses to identify separate disks. To fix the

problem you need to configure your hard disks correctly. Right-click on

Computer in the Start menu and select Manage, then click on Disk Management.

Your old hard disk will have an Offline message next to it, telling you there's

a problem. To fix it, right-click your old disk (probably listed as Disk 1) and

select Online. Your old hard disk will now appear in Computer, and you can

browse through it. You can either keep this disk as it is until you're happy

that your new disk is working correctly or you can wipe it and start again.

We'd recommend keeping your old hard disk intact until you've read through the

New Partitions section below. That way, in the unlikely event of anything going

wrong, you'll still have a hard disk with a working version of your operating

system on it. Remember, if something does go wrong and you want to boot from

your hard disk, you'll need to set your BIOS so that your old hard disk has boot

priority.

To erase the disk, right-click your old disk in Computer and select Format.

Make sure that Quick Format is selected and click Start. Click OK on the

warning message that appears. A Quick Format should take just a few seconds.

Click OK when prompted and your old disk will be blank and ready for use. 

managing neW PaRtitions 

If you decided not to tell CloneZilla to resize the file system to fill your new

hard disk, you may find that you're not using all the space on your new hard

disk. If you'd like to use all the available capacity, you need Disk

Management.

Your new hard disk will be listed as Disk 0. Inside this disk you'll see all

the partitions available for use. If you're using Windows 7, it's normal to

have a partition at the start of the disk that's 100MB in size and called System

Reserved. This should be left alone. The following partition will be called C:

and is where your operating system is stored. If you still have any unallocated

space, it means you're not using your full disk. If you'd like to create a

second partition, right-click the Unallocated space and select New Simple

Volume. Click Next, type in the amount of disk space you want to use (the

default is all the spare space on your hard disk). Click Next to assign a drive

letter. Leave the Format options at their default settings and click Next and

then Finish to complete creating your new partition.

Alternatively, if you'd rather encompass all your disk's spare space into the C:

drive, right-click the C: partition and select Extend volume. Click Next and

you get to choose how much free disk space you want to add to the existing

partition. The default option is the entire free space, so click Next. Click

Finish to complete the operation and your C: partition will now be larger. This

partition doesn't have to be reformatted and your files will remain intact.


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