[AI] urdu braille

SR Mittal srmittal at gmail.com
Sun Sep 26 09:39:40 EDT 2010


You may contact somebody from Ahamadi School for the Blind Aligarh Muslim 
University Civil Lines Aligarh U. P.
Prof. Mittal.
----- Original Message ----- 
From: "robin" <smilerobin123 at gmail.com>
To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
Sent: Sunday, September 26, 2010 12:33 PM
Subject: [AI] urdu braille


> hello friends. I am very interested in learning urdu braillecould any
> bodytell me how could get an approach to this?
>
>
> On 9/24/10, accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
> <accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in> wrote:
>> Send AccessIndia mailing list submissions to
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>> When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific
>> than "Re: Contents of AccessIndia digest..."
>>
>>
>> Today's Topics:
>>
>>    1. braille printers (Vgem Vadagam)
>>    2. Re: behaviour of my superior (Mahesh Shah)
>>    3. Re: behaviour of my superior (Subramani L)
>>    4. Re: behaviour of my superior (rahul cherian)
>>    5. How instal Talks on nokia N.79 (Prashanth MN)
>>    6. Is it legal? (Sanjay)
>>
>>
>> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>>
>> Message: 1
>> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 13:40:59 +0530 (IST)
>> From: Vgem Vadagam <vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in>
>> To: basavaraju.d at rediffmail.com
>> Cc: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> Subject: [AI] braille printers
>> Message-ID: <65186.16565.qm at web137418.mail.in.yahoo.com>
>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
>>
>> hello,
>> ????????? i started to use basic -d with duxbury software from 2000. ?we
>> were able to give brl. material,
>> stories, quiz and question papers.?which is donated by rotary
>> club(portcity).. we got tgd software to embosse outline maps and 
>> pictures.
>> it is very good.
>> after my retirment? as a principal i could able to collect one?basic -d
>> printer with duxbury? through rotaryclub,visakhapatnam. now we prepared 
>> and
>> supplied?history notes for intermediate in telugu.
>> if anybody wants brl. material we can supply. u can contact president,
>> sahridayavizag at gmail.com
>> or vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in? mobile.09440778183. we are planning to 
>> release a
>> monthly magzine in our regional language.
>>
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------
>>
>> Message: 2
>> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 14:22:45 +0530
>> From: Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com>
>> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
>> Message-ID:
>> <AANLkTikHYCh_5bpyDThdzF3_6jpEuiXDroyBp4wDKhv4 at mail.gmail.com>
>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
>>
>> On 9/24/10, rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com> wrote:
>>> Dear Mahesh,
>>>
>>> This is a terrible situation. I think the press would definitely be
>>> interested to cover this. This kind of act must be exposed, in my 
>>> opinion.
>>> Moreover, since C-DAC is a governmental organisation, you would possible
>>> even have a constitutional remedy.
>>>
>>> Do let me know if you need help in reaching out to the press. Subramani
>>> also
>>> should be able to cover this. Subramani what do you think? Is there a
>>> story
>>> here?
>>>
>>> Just a word of caution. going to the press has adverse effects as well 
>>> as
>>> you may already know.
>>>
>>> Best regards,
>>>
>>> Rahul Cherian
>>> Inclusive Planet
>>>
>>> On 24 September 2010 12:28, akhilesh <akhil.akhil29 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>> Dear MR. Mahesh,
>>>> I?m very sad and angry that such discriminatory incidence has happened
>>>> with you.
>>>> When these type of situations occur and your superior or or for
>>>> example, any other person behaves like this, the most effective
>>>> solution is to record such type of conversations probably that
>>>> particular recording will give you nothing for this time, but it
>>>> surely do two important things:
>>>> 1.      for the next time, you?ll not be discriminated like this;
>>>> 2.      These type of persons will surely thing at least many times
>>>> before
>>>> committing such acts.
>>>>
>>>> I?ve done recordings of these sorts of conversations and they have
>>>> been very very effective. Respected Vashishth sir knows about it, and
>>>> he himself has done recordings in some occasions.
>>>> With regards,
>>>> Akhilesh.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 9/24/10, Srinivasu Chakravarthula <srinivasu at srinivasu.org> wrote:
>>>> > Mahesh,
>>>> > Yet, I don't blame your boss although he is totally wrong, unless 
>>>> > this
>>>> > has happened to you in the past as well. If it was for the first 
>>>> > time.
>>>> > I think, you should have taken a little effort and tell him how VI
>>>> > people represent across the globe and that would have surely 
>>>> > convinced
>>>> > him.
>>>> >
>>>> > Although it is a common attitude, but most people would not do that
>>>> > intentionally but due to lack of awareness.
>>>> >
>>>> > Thanks,
>>>> > Srinivasu
>>>> >
>>>> > On 9/24/10, sunil <sunilsangtani99 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>> >> disgusting. these superiors really dont know  how to talk with there
>>>> >> kaleeks but sir, you shouldnt give up  this golden opportunity so
>>>> >> easyly.
>>>> >> you could try to understand him.
>>>> >> anyways friends,  this is not a one- happened thing, now we strongly
>>>> >> nneed any rools or awairness to stop these nonsense.
>>>> >>
>>>> >> On 9/24/10, Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>> >>> Dear Friends--
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> I am writing to this list after a long time. I wish to tell you an
>>>> >>> incident happened in my office , which shocked me.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> Every year, a delegation goes from my office, C-DAC, to participate
>>>> >>> in
>>>> >>> SuperComputing conference in USA. This year I put my 
>>>> >>> self-nomination
>>>> >>> for this. I am the most qualified and most senior person for the 
>>>> >>> job.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> But my boss called me for a one-to-one discussion and informed me
>>>> >>> that
>>>> >>> it will be 'embarrasing' to send a person (VI) like me in . the
>>>> >>> delegation. Because I will require someone's support and will hold
>>>> >>> someone's hand. Also if some accident happens to me because of my
>>>> >>> disability, he and office will be hold responsible for why they 
>>>> >>> sent
>>>> >>> such a person.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> I was really shocked and upset with the behaviour. Then I withdrew 
>>>> >>> my
>>>> >>> nomination for participation in the conference.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> Friends, I want to show you that how these learned so-called
>>>> >>> superiors
>>>> >>> fail to understand the VI peoples aspirations and behave in such a
>>>> >>> nonsense way.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> Thanks for sharing my concerns.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> Mahesh Shah
>>>> >>> Pune
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons 
>>>> >>> with
>>>> >>> disability bill at:
>>>> >>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>>>> >>> with
>>>> >>> the subject unsubscribe.
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other 
>>>> >>> changes,
>>>> >>> please
>>>> >>> visit the list home page at
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>>
>>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>> >>>
>>>> >>
>>>> >>
>>>> >> --
>>>> >> "Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none."
>>>> >> ~William Shakespeare
>>>> >>
>>>> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons 
>>>> >> with
>>>> >> disability bill at:
>>>> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>> >>
>>>> >> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>>> >> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>>>> >> with
>>>> >> the subject unsubscribe.
>>>> >>
>>>> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other 
>>>> >> changes,
>>>> >> please
>>>> >> visit the list home page at
>>>> >>
>>>> >>
>>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>> >>
>>>> >
>>>> > --
>>>> > Sent from my mobile device
>>>> >
>>>> > Best regards,
>>>> >
>>>> > Srinivasu Chakravarthula
>>>> > Mobile: +91 990 081 0881
>>>> > Website: http://www.srinivasu.org | http://www.learnaccessibility.org
>>>> > Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/VasuTweets
>>>> >
>>>> > Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>>> > disability bill at:
>>>> > http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>> >
>>>> > To unsubscribe send a message to
>>>> > accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith
>>>> > the subject unsubscribe.
>>>> >
>>>> > To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>>> please
>>>> > visit the list home page at
>>>> >
>>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>> >
>>>>
>>>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>>> disability bill at:
>>>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>>
>>>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
>>>>
>>>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>>> please visit the list home page at
>>>>
>>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>>
>>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>> disability bill at:
>>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>
>>> To unsubscribe send a message to accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>>> with
>>> the subject unsubscribe.
>>>
>>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>> please
>>> visit the list home page at
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>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Thanks all for sharing your concerns. I really do not wish to make
>> a story out of this.
>>
>> Best Regards,
>>
>> --
>> Mahesh Shah
>> Pune
>>
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------
>>
>> Message: 3
>> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 03:26:08 -0700
>> From: Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com>
>> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
>> Message-ID:
>> <AANLkTimi=V46ENZNyORmxuWoOnuRFMw-EG+MgQW33x8y at mail.gmail.com>
>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>>
>> It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
>> minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
>> who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
>> accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
>> developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
>> things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
>> things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
>> put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
>> Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
>> people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
>> not your's.
>>
>> Subramani
>>
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------
>>
>> Message: 4
>> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:03:54 +0530
>> From: rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com>
>> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
>> Message-ID:
>> <AANLkTinOQNFptBWxyiwiJ8eU0cuS93x42+vZE7AcUzkG at mail.gmail.com>
>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>>
>> I think that a comprehensive approach is needed, both in terms of legal
>> strategy as well as media engagement. One without the other will not make
>> any significant difference. If we as educated, technology using persons 
>> with
>> disabilities fail to respond to, and take up such issues change will 
>> happen
>> only slowly. We have to make change happen and not wait for it to take 
>> its
>> time.
>>
>> Mahesh, do let me know whether I should get some journalists to get in 
>> touch
>> with you.
>>
>>
>>
>> On 24 September 2010 15:56, Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com> 
>> wrote:
>>
>>> It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
>>> minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
>>> who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
>>> accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
>>> developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
>>> things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
>>> things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
>>> put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
>>> Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
>>> people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
>>> not your's.
>>>
>>> Subramani
>>>
>>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>> disability bill at:
>>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>
>>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
>>>
>>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>> please visit the list home page at
>>> 
>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------
>>
>> Message: 5
>> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:11:06 +0530
>> From: Prashanth MN <prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com>
>> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
>> Subject: [AI] How instal Talks on nokia N.79
>> Message-ID:
>> <AANLkTik+0Ydk3viF_OHWEYnPQVYen3pU-1jCRyX-_=fn at mail.gmail.com>
>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>>
>> Hello Friends: I am prashanth. i have Nokia n.79 hand set. I  have to
>> instal Talks on it. Please help me by Giving detail  Information. I
>> need to know how to apply  lisence and how to instal. If you have any
>> information and patches please send me at prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com
>>
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------
>>
>> Message: 6
>> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:15:07 +0530
>> From: "Sanjay" <ilovecold at gmail.com>
>> To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
>> Subject: [AI] Is it legal?
>> Message-ID: <002101cb5bd5$9fab5ac0$0201a8c0 at user>
>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"
>>
>> As I found this article  interesting, I am pasting here.  I would like to
>> know  How Indian copyright laws deal with digital materials and technical
>> complications mentioned in this article.
>>
>>
>>
>>   UK copyright law is a confusing mess where nobody's quite sure what
>> they're
>>
>> allowed to do. David Ludlow cuts through the legalease to find out what 
>> you
>> can
>>
>> and can't do with your computer
>>
>> We all know that downloading movies and games over BitTorrent is illegal,
>> but
>>
>> what are our legal rights when it comes to handling content we've paid 
>> for?
>> A
>>
>> recent survey by Consumer Focus, a statutory organisation campaigning for 
>> a
>> fair
>>
>> deal for British consumers, found that 73 per cent of the 2,026 people 
>> asked
>>
>> were "never quite sure what is legal and illegal under current copyright
>> law".
>>
>> The main confusion was around digital technologies and issues such as
>> ripping a
>>
>> CD for use on a computer or copying files to an MP3 player.
>>
>> It's a damning statistic and shows just how complicated modern life has
>> become
>>
>> and how out of date our copyright laws are.
>>
>> The biggest problem is the wash of misinformation out there. It's obvious
>> that
>>
>> it's illegal to download copyright-protected material from the internet, 
>> but
>>
>> what about making copies of TV programmes or computer games that we've
>> bought?
>>
>> People often mention concepts such as 'fair use' and claim this gives 
>> them
>> the
>>
>> right to make a 'backup' copy. Unfortunately, many of these pieces of
>> so-called
>>
>> wisdom aren't true, and by using your computer in this way, you may well 
>> be
>>
>> breaking the law. Fortunately, we're here to help with our guide to what 
>> you
>>
>> can and can't do.
>>
>> off The reCorD
>>
>> The massive popularity of iTunes and the iPod, not to mention devices
>> designed
>>
>> for making backups of old records, would seem to imply that you're 
>> legally
>>
>> allowed to transfer any music you've bought to your computer. Sadly, this
>> isn't
>>
>> the case and converting your CDs, vinyl collection or cassettes to MP3 is
>>
>> actually illegal unless you own the copyright for the material.
>>
>> The reason that copying your own music is illegal is that it's not really
>> yours.
>>
>> When you buy an album or single, you pay for the right to use that music 
>> in
>> the
>>
>> purchased format, and not to do with it as you see fit. Converting a disc 
>> to
>>
>> MP3 format and listening to it on your computer or MP3 player is 
>> completely
>>
>> illegal.
>>
>> There is a silver lining to this, which is reassuring but further
>> complicates
>>
>> the issue. The British Phonographic Institute (BPI), which represents the
>>
>> established music industry in the UK, has stated that it won't prosecute
>> anyone
>>
>> who converts music they've bought into a digital format. In other words,
>> while
>>
>> copying music is illegal, doing so for your personal use won't get you 
>> into
>>
>> trouble with the BPI, which is the only large organisation in the UK 
>> likely
>> to
>>
>> sue over music copyright violations.
>>
>> DIGITAL MUSIC
>>
>> The rules are different for music downloads, as the format requires you 
>> to
>> make
>>
>> a digital copy of a music track or album. This means that making copies 
>> is
>>
>> acceptable within certain criteria. When music was first sold online, it
>> used
>>
>> Digital Rights Management (DRM) to restrict the number and types of 
>> devices
>> on
>>
>> which the tracks could be played. Today, no stores use DRM, which means 
>> the
>>
>> tracks downloaded could technically be copied any number of times and 
>> played
>> on
>>
>> practically any device. What you're allowed to do with downloaded music
>> depends
>>
>> on the terms of use of the service you use. All music download services 
>> have
>>
>> similar sets of conditions under which you can use the downloaded music.
>> You're
>>
>> usually granted the right to copy, burn and use tracks for your own 
>> personal
>>
>> use.
>>
>> For example, the Amazon MP3 Music Service grants you a "non-exclusive,
>>
>> non-transferable right to use the Digital Content for your personal,
>>
>> non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in accordance with the
>> Terms
>>
>> of Use. You may copy, store, transfer and burn the Digital Content only 
>> for
>>
>> your personal, non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in
>> accordance
>>
>> with the Terms of Use."
>>
>> Of course, there are restrictions too. To paraphrase the following, you 
>> can
>> do
>>
>> what you like with the music, as long as you keep it to yourself. In
>> Amazon's
>>
>> case, you agree that "you will use the Service only for your personal,
>>
>> non-commercial, entertainment use and not for any redistribution of the
>> Digital
>>
>> Content or other use restricted in this Section 2.2. You agree not to
>> infringe
>>
>> the rights of the Digital Content's copyright owners and to comply with 
>> all
>>
>> applicable laws in your use of the Digital Content. except as set forth 
>> in
>>
>> Section 2.1 above, you agree that you will not redistribute, transmit,
>> assign,
>>
>> sell, broadcast, rent, share, lend, modify, adapt, edit, license or
>> otherwise
>>
>> transfer or use the Digital Content. You are not granted any
>> synchronisation,
>>
>> public performance, promotional use, commercial sale, resale, 
>> reproduction
>> or
>>
>> distribution rights for the Digital Content. You acknowledge that the
>> Digital
>>
>> Content embodies the intellectual property of a third party and is 
>> protected
>> by
>>
>> law."
>>
>> While this might sound a little confusing, the upshot is that you can 
>> back
>> up
>>
>> any music file you've downloaded, transfer it to CD or a music player and
>> use it
>>
>> as you see fit. The key phrases are "only for your personal... use" and 
>> "you
>>
>> will not redistribute". If your handling of the music files is for your 
>> own
>>
>> use, without commercial interest, you're not breaking the law or the 
>> terms
>> of
>>
>> use set out by the music service.
>>
>> Digital licences are far less restrictive than those that cover a 
>> physical
>>
>> product, but there's still an issue around what counts as personal use. 
>> In
>>
>> effect, personal use allows you and members of your household to use the
>> music
>>
>> you've downloaded (or ripped from CD, if you choose to accept the BPI's
>>
>> assurance). Provided the people you share your music with live at your 
>> home,
>>
>> you should be fine. Some services don't specify limits on this, but 
>> others
>> do.
>>
>> For example, Apple imposes the following limit in its terms and 
>> conditions
>> of
>>
>> sale:
>>
>> "You shall be authorised to use the Products on up to five devices (such 
>> as
>> a
>>
>> computer) with the iTunes application installed at any time, except in 
>> the
>> case
>>
>> of Film Rentals."
>>
>> The general rule is that if you use and share your music fairly inside 
>> your
>>
>> home, you won't get into any trouble. Start distributing files far and 
>> wide
>> and
>>
>> you'll run into problems.
>>
>> AT The MoVIeS
>>
>> Wouldn't it be great to have an entire movie collection on your hard disk 
>> so
>>
>> that you could access any of your films at the touch of a button? Sadly, 
>> as
>> the
>>
>> law currently stands, this is very unlikely be a legal option. As with
>> music,
>>
>> the act of copying a DVD or Blu-ray disc is illegal. The group that 
>> protects
>>
>> the copyright of films and TV programmes, the Federation Against 
>> Copyright
>> Theft
>>
>> (FACT), has never said that it won't prosecute people for copying discs 
>> they
>> own
>>
>> for their own personal use.
>>
>> What's more, films almost always feature digital copy protection, which
>> encrypts
>>
>> the movie data and makes it harder to copy. The very presence of the
>> encryption
>>
>> adds further protection from another law called the Copyright and Related
>> Rights
>>
>> Regulations 2003. This makes a criminal offences of "manufacturing for 
>> sale
>> or
>>
>> hire, importation, advertising or marketing a service the purposes of 
>> which
>> is
>>
>> to enable or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures" and
>> "providing,
>>
>> promoting, advertising or marketing a service the purpose of which is to
>> enable
>>
>> or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures".
>>
>> In other words, software that would let you copy a protected disc is 
>> illegal
>> to
>>
>> sell and perhaps even to buy in some circumstances. It's also illegal for
>>
>> magazines such as Shopper to promote it. This is rather an odd law, as it
>>
>> completely ignores how the software might be used. For example, such
>> software
>>
>> can be used to remove the copy protection part of a Blu-ray disc that 
>> stops
>> it
>>
>> playing on a digital display that lacks high Definition Content 
>> Protection
>>
>> (hDCP) encryption. This kind of software can also allow a PC to play a 
>> disc
>>
>> encoded to any region, which means UK consumers could play discs set for 
>> use
>> in
>>
>> the US. Using this kind of software is currently illegal even if you 
>> don't
>> copy
>>
>> the disc and, therefore, don't break conventional copyright laws.
>>
>> Bizarrely, under current law it's not illegal to buy pirate DVDs - only 
>> to
>> sell
>>
>> them. This leads to the strange situation where doing something that 
>> takes
>>
>> money away from the copyright holder is permitted, but using movies at 
>> your
>>
>> convenience is breaking the law. Buying a pirate DVD and copying it 
>> remains
>>
>> illegal because you'd be making a copy of content that's protected by 
>> law.
>> This
>>
>> is why downloading a film using BitTorrent is illegal, as you're making 
>> an
>>
>> illegal copy of the film.
>>
>> MoVIe DoWNLoADS
>>
>> Film downloads from places such as the iTunes store have similar 
>> limitations
>> to
>>
>> music, but the important difference is that they're protected by DRM. 
>> This
>> is
>>
>> unlikely to change in the future. The limitations imposed by DRM differ 
>> from
>>
>> service to service, but they're usually similar. Typically, you authorise 
>> a
>>
>> computer to play a specific film, and you're usually allowed to transfer
>> this to
>>
>> a portable device. The DRM stops you transferring the film to a friend or
>>
>> sharing it online.
>>
>> It's also possible to rent movies and TV shows online. Again, DRM plays 
>> an
>>
>> important part in dictating what you can and can't do. Typically, the 
>> system
>>
>> lets you start watching it at any time during a 30-day period. however, 
>> as
>> soon
>>
>> as you click the play button, you have just 48-hours to complete your
>> viewing.
>>
>> The film or show can usually be viewed an unlimited number of times 
>> during
>> this
>>
>> 48-hour period.
>>
>> reCorDING TV
>>
>> The UK law was changed with the advent of video recorders to let people
>> record
>>
>> television programmes. however, the key phrasing of the law is that this 
>> is
>>
>> allowed for "time shifting" only. In other words, you're allowed to 
>> record
>>
>> anything on television to watch at a more convenient time but you're not
>> allowed
>>
>> to record programmes and keep them indefinitely. This law applies to all
>> forms
>>
>> of recording, whether you're using an old VCR, a hard disk recorder or a 
>> PC
>> with
>>
>> a TV tuner in it.
>>
>> DoWNLoADeD ShoWS
>>
>> The popularity of catch-up services, such as the BBC's iPlayer, changes 
>> the
>>
>> situation slightly. What you're allowed to do with the files you download
>>
>> depends on the service you're using, so read the licence agreement
>> carefully.
>>
>> Most have similar restrictions to iPlayer, so by using the service you 
>> agree
>>
>> "not to attempt to, or assist any other person to, copy, reproduce, lend,
>> hire,
>>
>> broadcast, distribute or transmit in any other way the BBC Content in 
>> whole
>> or
>>
>> in part other than by using the 'link to this Feature' or as permitted in
>> these
>>
>> Terms or to circumvent or remove the digital rights security measures
>> embedded
>>
>> in the BBC Content."
>>
>> As with other forms of DRM, bypassing the BBC's DRM is illegal. Paid-for
>> rental
>>
>> programmes, such as those from iTunes and BT Vision, have more severe
>>
>> restrictions, and the DRM usually forces you to watch the rental during a
>> set
>>
>> period. See the Movies section (above) for details.
>>
>> BooKS AND MAGAZINeS
>>
>> Books and magazines are protected by copyright, so you're not allowed to
>> make
>>
>> copies of them except for personal research purposes (see the 'Fair 
>> dealing
>> in
>>
>> UK law' box on page 117), subject to certain terms and conditions. This
>> means
>>
>> that scanning a book and storing it on your computer is illegal. however,
>> there
>>
>> are exceptions to this rule. If a title is out of copyright (see the box
>> above
>>
>> for more information) you can make a copy of it legally.
>>
>> For example, you could scan it into your computer. Google has done this 
>> with
>>
>> its Books service ( http://books.google.com).
>>
>> You need to be careful, though. When a book or magazine is out of 
>> copyright,
>>
>> its words enter the public domain, but the pictures or artwork inside are
>> not
>>
>> necessarily also free to copy. In fact, publishers often commission new
>> artwork
>>
>> for different printings of a title, and these have separate copyright to 
>> the
>>
>> main text.
>>
>> prINT DoWNLoADS
>>
>> now that eBook readers are becoming more popular, a growing number of 
>> titles
>> are
>>
>> available in digital formats. The rules governing what you can do with 
>> these
>>
>> vary depending on the type of eBook you have. First, there are books that
>> you
>>
>> can download for free from sites such as Project Gutenberg (
>> www.gutenberg.org).
>>
>> These books are scanned from titles that are out of copyright and 
>> converted
>> to a
>>
>> range of formats for eBook readers and PCs. The important thing about 
>> these
>>
>> books is that they're out of copyright in the US, but not necessarily 
>> across
>> the
>>
>> rest of the world. Before you download a title, check that there isn't 
>> still
>> a
>>
>> UK copyright on the work. Provided the author has been dead for 70 years 
>> or
>>
>> longer, you'll be able to get the title for free.
>>
>> The second type of digital books are those that you download from 
>> bookstores
>>
>> such as CoolerBooks ( www.coolerbooks.com). These are protected by DRM 
>> and
>> must
>>
>> be copied to an eBook reader using Adobe's Digital editions application.
>>
>> Depending on how you set up your software, the books you download are 
>> either
>>
>> restricted for use on a single computer or can be copied on up to five
>> devices,
>>
>> which you authorise against your Digital editions account. Trying to 
>> remove
>> the
>>
>> DRM is against the law.
>>
>> SofTWAre
>>
>> Any software you buy is governed by a licence that states what you can 
>> and
>> can't
>>
>> do with it. Typically, you're allowed to make a single backup of the
>>
>> installation media, but you should read the licence agreement to check 
>> what
>>
>> you're allowed to do in each case.
>>
>> For example, Microsoft lets you back up your Windows 7 installation disc. 
>> As
>>
>> set out in the end User license Agreement (eUlA): "If you acquired the
>> software
>>
>> on a disc or other media, you may make one backup copy of the media.
>>
>> You may use it only to reinstall the software on the licensed computer."
>>
>> If you download your software, similar rules exist and you're usually
>> allowed to
>>
>> make a single backup of the installation file. Microsoft has this to say
>> about
>>
>> downloaded versions of Windows 7: "If you purchased and downloaded the
>> software
>>
>> online, you may make one copy of the software on a disc or other media in
>> order
>>
>> to install the software on a computer. You may also use it to reinstall 
>> the
>>
>> software on the licensed computer."
>>
>> pC BACKUp
>>
>> At this point, you may be wondering what happens if you make a full 
>> backup
>> of
>>
>> your PC using the built-in imaging software in Windows 7. Technically
>> speaking,
>>
>> if you make multiple images of your PC, you're also making multiple 
>> backups
>> of
>>
>> your software, so you could be in breach of some software licences. That
>> said,
>>
>> you're unlikely to run into any problems using this method, as these 
>> backups
>> are
>>
>> stored in files that can't be accessed without the backup software and 
>> can't
>> be
>>
>> used to install software from scratch. What's more, Microsoft provides 
>> its
>> own
>>
>> image-based backup software with Windows 7, which you can configure to 
>> run
>> on a
>>
>> schedule, creating multiple backups.
>>
>> CoMpUTer GAMeS
>>
>> Technically speaking, computer games should fall into the same category 
>> as
>>
>> software, allowing you to make a backup of the installation media. 
>> however,
>>
>> this isn't necessarily the case. A big problem is that games developers
>> often
>>
>> use copy protection to prevent their titles being copied and 
>> redistributed.
>>
>> Breaking the copy protection to make a backup violates the Copyright and
>> Related
>>
>> Rights Regulations 2003 laws, in the same way that copying a DVD does. 
>> This
>> is
>>
>> despite what you might read to the contrary on websites that specialise 
>> in
>>
>> providing tools to copy games.
>>
>> Downloaded games are subjected to a similar licence agreement as 
>> downloaded
>>
>> software. Read this licence before you make any copies to make sure 
>> you're
>> not
>>
>> breaking the law.
>>
>> TAKe CAre
>>
>> The law can certainly be confusing when it comes to copyright and 
>> computers,
>> and
>>
>> what you're allowed to do is often dictated by the industry group
>> responsible
>>
>> for the content. The BPI says it won't try to sue you for copying your 
>> music
>>
>> CDs, while the film industry body FACT claims that it will prosecute if 
>> you
>> copy
>>
>> a DVD.
>>
>> Further complications are added by our odd copyright laws, which make
>> software
>>
>> and tools that can break copy protection or DRM illegal. This further 
>> limits
>>
>> what we can do with digital files. It's clear that the law needs to 
>> change,
>> as
>>
>> we're moving into a world where we expect to be able to view our media 
>> where
>> we
>>
>> want, when we want. We shouldn't be restricted by outdated concepts 
>> designed
>>
>> for music, films and software that are packaged on a single medium.
>>
>> In the meantime, you need to make sure you stay on the right side of the
>> law.
>>
>> Read the terms and conditions of the online stores from which you buy
>> digital
>>
>> media, and check the licence agreement for any software you own to make 
>> sure
>> you
>>
>> don't fall foul of the law. Don't download any software that tries to 
>> break
>> DRM
>>
>> or copy-protection, as you'll be breaking the law.
>>
>> For legal grey areas, such as copying CDs to your computer, the rule is 
>> to
>> be
>>
>> careful. As long as you're only doing it for your own use and that of 
>> others
>> in
>>
>> your household, you're unlikely to run into any trouble with the law.
>>
>> Unfortunately, that's as unambiguous as it gets.
>>
>> Fair Dealing in UK laW
>>
>> The UK has a specific section of its copyright laws that deals with
>> exceptions.
>>
>> These Fair Dealing exceptions outline the situations where copyright law
>> doesn't
>>
>> apply. The following examples are permitted, as long as they're limited 
>> to a
>>
>> certain degree and don't infringe the work of the copyright holder. If
>> you're
>>
>> in any doubt as to whether or not what you want to do falls under Fair
>> Dealing,
>>
>> you should contact the copyright holder and ask for permission to use the
>> work,
>>
>> or contact a lawyer who specialises in copyright law.
>>
>> research For non-commercial anD privaTe sTUDy
>>
>> This allows you to make photocopies of a small number of pages from a 
>> book,
>>
>> provided that your research has no commercial application.
>>
>> criTicism, revieW or reporTing cUrrenT evenTs
>>
>> This allows journalists to quote from a source for the above purposes. 
>> There
>>
>> are limits, and you shouldn't use more of the source than is required for
>> the
>>
>> purpose of criticism and review. You should quote the original source.
>>
>> inciDenTal inclUsion
>>
>> This deals with accidentally capturing a copyrighted work, such as in the
>>
>> background of a home video.
>>
>> library privilege
>>
>> British libraries have a special privilege that allows them to lend
>> copyrighted
>>
>> works, although there are still a number of restrictions.
>>
>> Time-shiFTing recorDings
>>
>> This exception was introduced in 1988 as a result of the growing 
>> popularity
>> of
>>
>> video recorders, and extends to any modern recording device, such as the
>> Sky+
>>
>> box and other hard disk recorders. The limitation of the exception is 
>> that
>> you
>>
>> may only record things with the specific intent of watching them at a 
>> more
>>
>> convenient time, not keeping them indefinitely.
>>
>> creaTing a bacKUp oF a compUTer program For personal Use
>>
>> Software, both on disc and downloaded, can be backed up, although the
>>
>> restrictions in place depend on the accompanying licence.
>>
>> When Does copyrighT expire?
>>
>> copyright exists for a limited period, after which a work is in the 
>> public
>>
>> domain and can be copied freely. This is why you can download free
>> electronic
>>
>> books from www.gutenberg.org.
>>
>> Copyright differs depending on the work, the identified authors and the
>> country
>>
>> of origin. The length also differs between countries, so a work may be in
>>
>> copyright in one country and in the public domain in another. In the UK,
>>
>> copyright lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years and applies to 
>> all
>>
>> literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works. If a work has more than 
>> one
>>
>> author, it expires 70 years after the death of the last survivor.
>>
>> A publisher's copyright is separate, and lasts 25 years from the end of 
>> the
>> year
>>
>> in which it first published the work. This applies to all printed works
>>
>> including books, magazines and newspapers.
>>
>> For films, copyright is determined by the life of the principal director,
>>
>> screenwriter, author of the dialogue and composer of any original music. 
>> If
>>
>> none of these people is listed, copyright lasts for 50 years.
>>
>> Computer-generated works also have a copyright of 50 years from the 
>> creation
>> of
>>
>> the work. TV and radio broadcasts made before 1956 have no copyright; 
>> those
>>
>> made after are copyright for 50 years.
>>
>> Copyright lengths can change over time. In the US the Sonny Bono Act, as 
>> it
>> was
>>
>> known, extended copyright, although the extension depended on when the 
>> work
>> was
>>
>> created. The act was also known as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act, as it
>>
>> stopped Walt Disney's early Mickey Mouse cartoons entering the public
>> domain.
>>
>> UK copyright law was also extended in 1995 from the author's life plus 50
>> years
>>
>> to the author's life plus 70 years. It was applied retrospectively to all
>>
>> works, which was good news for Great Ormond Street Hospital, as it 
>> extended
>> its
>>
>> copyright of Peter Pan until 31st December 2007. The hospital also gained 
>> a
>>
>> perpetual extension to some of the work's rights, entitling it to 
>> royalties
>> for
>>
>> any performance, publication or adaptation of the play.
>>
>>
>> Technical telepathy: 09969636745
>> Saints are not always saints; sinners are not always sinners.
>>
>>
>> ------------------------------
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> AccessIndia mailing list
>> AccessIndia at accessindia.org.in
>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>
>>
>> End of AccessIndia Digest, Vol 53, Issue 139
>> ********************************************
>>
>
>
> -- 
> with regards robin
> 8802488633
>
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