[AI] urdu braille

robin smilerobin123 at gmail.com
Sun Sep 26 03:03:27 EDT 2010


hello friends. I am very interested in learning urdu braillecould any
bodytell me how could get an approach to this?


On 9/24/10, accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
<accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in> wrote:
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> Today's Topics:
>
>    1. braille printers (Vgem Vadagam)
>    2. Re: behaviour of my superior (Mahesh Shah)
>    3. Re: behaviour of my superior (Subramani L)
>    4. Re: behaviour of my superior (rahul cherian)
>    5. How instal Talks on nokia N.79 (Prashanth MN)
>    6. Is it legal? (Sanjay)
>
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> Message: 1
> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 13:40:59 +0530 (IST)
> From: Vgem Vadagam <vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in>
> To: basavaraju.d at rediffmail.com
> Cc: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> Subject: [AI] braille printers
> Message-ID: <65186.16565.qm at web137418.mail.in.yahoo.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
>
> hello,
> ????????? i started to use basic -d with duxbury software from 2000. ?we
> were able to give brl. material,
> stories, quiz and question papers.?which is donated by rotary
> club(portcity).. we got tgd software to embosse outline maps and pictures.
> it is very good.
> after my retirment? as a principal i could able to collect one?basic -d
> printer with duxbury? through rotaryclub,visakhapatnam. now we prepared and
> supplied?history notes for intermediate in telugu.
> if anybody wants brl. material we can supply. u can contact president,
> sahridayavizag at gmail.com
> or vgemvadagam at yahoo.co.in? mobile.09440778183. we are planning to release a
> monthly magzine in our regional language.
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 2
> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 14:22:45 +0530
> From: Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com>
> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
> Message-ID:
> 	<AANLkTikHYCh_5bpyDThdzF3_6jpEuiXDroyBp4wDKhv4 at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
>
> On 9/24/10, rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com> wrote:
>> Dear Mahesh,
>>
>> This is a terrible situation. I think the press would definitely be
>> interested to cover this. This kind of act must be exposed, in my opinion.
>> Moreover, since C-DAC is a governmental organisation, you would possible
>> even have a constitutional remedy.
>>
>> Do let me know if you need help in reaching out to the press. Subramani
>> also
>> should be able to cover this. Subramani what do you think? Is there a
>> story
>> here?
>>
>> Just a word of caution. going to the press has adverse effects as well as
>> you may already know.
>>
>> Best regards,
>>
>> Rahul Cherian
>> Inclusive Planet
>>
>> On 24 September 2010 12:28, akhilesh <akhil.akhil29 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>> Dear MR. Mahesh,
>>> I?m very sad and angry that such discriminatory incidence has happened
>>> with you.
>>> When these type of situations occur and your superior or or for
>>> example, any other person behaves like this, the most effective
>>> solution is to record such type of conversations probably that
>>> particular recording will give you nothing for this time, but it
>>> surely do two important things:
>>> 1.      for the next time, you?ll not be discriminated like this;
>>> 2.      These type of persons will surely thing at least many times
>>> before
>>> committing such acts.
>>>
>>> I?ve done recordings of these sorts of conversations and they have
>>> been very very effective. Respected Vashishth sir knows about it, and
>>> he himself has done recordings in some occasions.
>>> With regards,
>>> Akhilesh.
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> On 9/24/10, Srinivasu Chakravarthula <srinivasu at srinivasu.org> wrote:
>>> > Mahesh,
>>> > Yet, I don't blame your boss although he is totally wrong, unless this
>>> > has happened to you in the past as well. If it was for the first time.
>>> > I think, you should have taken a little effort and tell him how VI
>>> > people represent across the globe and that would have surely convinced
>>> > him.
>>> >
>>> > Although it is a common attitude, but most people would not do that
>>> > intentionally but due to lack of awareness.
>>> >
>>> > Thanks,
>>> > Srinivasu
>>> >
>>> > On 9/24/10, sunil <sunilsangtani99 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>> >> disgusting. these superiors really dont know  how to talk with there
>>> >> kaleeks but sir, you shouldnt give up  this golden opportunity so
>>> >> easyly.
>>> >> you could try to understand him.
>>> >> anyways friends,  this is not a one- happened thing, now we strongly
>>> >> nneed any rools or awairness to stop these nonsense.
>>> >>
>>> >> On 9/24/10, Mahesh Shah <mss447 at gmail.com> wrote:
>>> >>> Dear Friends--
>>> >>>
>>> >>> I am writing to this list after a long time. I wish to tell you an
>>> >>> incident happened in my office , which shocked me.
>>> >>>
>>> >>> Every year, a delegation goes from my office, C-DAC, to participate
>>> >>> in
>>> >>> SuperComputing conference in USA. This year I put my self-nomination
>>> >>> for this. I am the most qualified and most senior person for the job.
>>> >>>
>>> >>> But my boss called me for a one-to-one discussion and informed me
>>> >>> that
>>> >>> it will be 'embarrasing' to send a person (VI) like me in . the
>>> >>> delegation. Because I will require someone's support and will hold
>>> >>> someone's hand. Also if some accident happens to me because of my
>>> >>> disability, he and office will be hold responsible for why they sent
>>> >>> such a person.
>>> >>>
>>> >>> I was really shocked and upset with the behaviour. Then I withdrew my
>>> >>> nomination for participation in the conference.
>>> >>>
>>> >>> Friends, I want to show you that how these learned so-called
>>> >>> superiors
>>> >>> fail to understand the VI peoples aspirations and behave in such a
>>> >>> nonsense way.
>>> >>>
>>> >>> Thanks for sharing my concerns.
>>> >>>
>>> >>>
>>> >>>
>>> >>> Mahesh Shah
>>> >>> Pune
>>> >>>
>>> >>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>> >>> disability bill at:
>>> >>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>> >>>
>>> >>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>>> >>> with
>>> >>> the subject unsubscribe.
>>> >>>
>>> >>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>> >>> please
>>> >>> visit the list home page at
>>> >>>
>>> >>>
>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>> >>>
>>> >>
>>> >>
>>> >> --
>>> >> "Love all, trust a few, do wrong to none."
>>> >> ~William Shakespeare
>>> >>
>>> >> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>> >> disability bill at:
>>> >> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>> >>
>>> >> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>> >> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>>> >> with
>>> >> the subject unsubscribe.
>>> >>
>>> >> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>> >> please
>>> >> visit the list home page at
>>> >>
>>> >>
>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>> >>
>>> >
>>> > --
>>> > Sent from my mobile device
>>> >
>>> > Best regards,
>>> >
>>> > Srinivasu Chakravarthula
>>> > Mobile: +91 990 081 0881
>>> > Website: http://www.srinivasu.org | http://www.learnaccessibility.org
>>> > Follow me on Twitter: http://twitter.com/VasuTweets
>>> >
>>> > Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>> > disability bill at:
>>> > http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>> >
>>> > To unsubscribe send a message to
>>> > accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith
>>> > the subject unsubscribe.
>>> >
>>> > To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>> please
>>> > visit the list home page at
>>> >
>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>> >
>>>
>>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>>> disability bill at:
>>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>>
>>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
>>>
>>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>>> please visit the list home page at
>>>
>>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>>
>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>> disability bill at:
>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>
>> To unsubscribe send a message to accessindia-request at accessindia.org.in
>> with
>> the subject unsubscribe.
>>
>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>> please
>> visit the list home page at
>>
>> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>
>
>
>
> Thanks all for sharing your concerns. I really do not wish to make
> a story out of this.
>
> Best Regards,
>
> --
> Mahesh Shah
> Pune
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 3
> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 03:26:08 -0700
> From: Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com>
> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
> Message-ID:
> 	<AANLkTimi=V46ENZNyORmxuWoOnuRFMw-EG+MgQW33x8y at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>
> It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
> minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
> who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
> accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
> developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
> things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
> things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
> put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
> Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
> people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
> not your's.
>
> Subramani
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 4
> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:03:54 +0530
> From: rahul cherian <rahul.cherian at inclusiveplanet.com>
> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> Subject: Re: [AI] behaviour of my superior
> Message-ID:
> 	<AANLkTinOQNFptBWxyiwiJ8eU0cuS93x42+vZE7AcUzkG at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>
> I think that a comprehensive approach is needed, both in terms of legal
> strategy as well as media engagement. One without the other will not make
> any significant difference. If we as educated, technology using persons with
> disabilities fail to respond to, and take up such issues change will happen
> only slowly. We have to make change happen and not wait for it to take its
> time.
>
> Mahesh, do let me know whether I should get some journalists to get in touch
> with you.
>
>
>
> On 24 September 2010 15:56, Subramani L <lsubramani.visa at gmail.com> wrote:
>
>> It is indeed shocking and dismaying to see someone who is technically
>> minded has to speak like this. Ironically, these are the very people
>> who seem to boast about their work on ORCA and other so-called
>> accessibility tools for the disabled persons . One thing they must try
>> developing is a device with a heart and a proper thinking brain:
>> things they obviously do not have. Sometimes I lose my cool on hearing
>> things like these since it makes me wonder what best can be done to
>> put sense into people's head. After all, I can write and people like
>> Subash Vhashisht, Kanchan or Rahul can fight, but putting sense into
>> people's head... Difficult thing indeed. So Mahesh, it's their loss
>> not your's.
>>
>> Subramani
>>
>> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with
>> disability bill at:
>> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
>>
>> To unsubscribe send a message to
>> accessindia-request at accessindia.org.inwith the subject unsubscribe.
>>
>> To change your subscription to digest mode or make any other changes,
>> please visit the list home page at
>>  http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 5
> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:11:06 +0530
> From: Prashanth MN <prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com>
> To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
> Subject: [AI] How instal Talks on nokia N.79
> Message-ID:
> 	<AANLkTik+0Ydk3viF_OHWEYnPQVYen3pU-1jCRyX-_=fn at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1
>
> Hello Friends: I am prashanth. i have Nokia n.79 hand set. I  have to
> instal Talks on it. Please help me by Giving detail  Information. I
> need to know how to apply  lisence and how to instal. If you have any
> information and patches please send me at prashanthmn1987 at gmail.com
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 6
> Date: Fri, 24 Sep 2010 16:15:07 +0530
> From: "Sanjay" <ilovecold at gmail.com>
> To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
> Subject: [AI] Is it legal?
> Message-ID: <002101cb5bd5$9fab5ac0$0201a8c0 at user>
> Content-Type: text/plain;	charset="iso-8859-1"
>
> As I found this article  interesting, I am pasting here.  I would like to
> know  How Indian copyright laws deal with digital materials and technical
> complications mentioned in this article.
>
>
>
>   UK copyright law is a confusing mess where nobody's quite sure what
> they're
>
> allowed to do. David Ludlow cuts through the legalease to find out what you
> can
>
> and can't do with your computer
>
> We all know that downloading movies and games over BitTorrent is illegal,
> but
>
> what are our legal rights when it comes to handling content we've paid for?
> A
>
> recent survey by Consumer Focus, a statutory organisation campaigning for a
> fair
>
> deal for British consumers, found that 73 per cent of the 2,026 people asked
>
> were "never quite sure what is legal and illegal under current copyright
> law".
>
> The main confusion was around digital technologies and issues such as
> ripping a
>
> CD for use on a computer or copying files to an MP3 player.
>
> It's a damning statistic and shows just how complicated modern life has
> become
>
> and how out of date our copyright laws are.
>
> The biggest problem is the wash of misinformation out there. It's obvious
> that
>
> it's illegal to download copyright-protected material from the internet, but
>
> what about making copies of TV programmes or computer games that we've
> bought?
>
> People often mention concepts such as 'fair use' and claim this gives them
> the
>
> right to make a 'backup' copy. Unfortunately, many of these pieces of
> so-called
>
> wisdom aren't true, and by using your computer in this way, you may well be
>
> breaking the law. Fortunately, we're here to help with our guide to what you
>
> can and can't do.
>
> off The reCorD
>
> The massive popularity of iTunes and the iPod, not to mention devices
> designed
>
> for making backups of old records, would seem to imply that you're legally
>
> allowed to transfer any music you've bought to your computer. Sadly, this
> isn't
>
> the case and converting your CDs, vinyl collection or cassettes to MP3 is
>
> actually illegal unless you own the copyright for the material.
>
> The reason that copying your own music is illegal is that it's not really
> yours.
>
> When you buy an album or single, you pay for the right to use that music in
> the
>
> purchased format, and not to do with it as you see fit. Converting a disc to
>
> MP3 format and listening to it on your computer or MP3 player is completely
>
> illegal.
>
> There is a silver lining to this, which is reassuring but further
> complicates
>
> the issue. The British Phonographic Institute (BPI), which represents the
>
> established music industry in the UK, has stated that it won't prosecute
> anyone
>
> who converts music they've bought into a digital format. In other words,
> while
>
> copying music is illegal, doing so for your personal use won't get you into
>
> trouble with the BPI, which is the only large organisation in the UK likely
> to
>
> sue over music copyright violations.
>
> DIGITAL MUSIC
>
> The rules are different for music downloads, as the format requires you to
> make
>
> a digital copy of a music track or album. This means that making copies is
>
> acceptable within certain criteria. When music was first sold online, it
> used
>
> Digital Rights Management (DRM) to restrict the number and types of devices
> on
>
> which the tracks could be played. Today, no stores use DRM, which means the
>
> tracks downloaded could technically be copied any number of times and played
> on
>
> practically any device. What you're allowed to do with downloaded music
> depends
>
> on the terms of use of the service you use. All music download services have
>
> similar sets of conditions under which you can use the downloaded music.
> You're
>
> usually granted the right to copy, burn and use tracks for your own personal
>
> use.
>
> For example, the Amazon MP3 Music Service grants you a "non-exclusive,
>
> non-transferable right to use the Digital Content for your personal,
>
> non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in accordance with the
> Terms
>
> of Use. You may copy, store, transfer and burn the Digital Content only for
>
> your personal, non-commercial, entertainment use, subject to and in
> accordance
>
> with the Terms of Use."
>
> Of course, there are restrictions too. To paraphrase the following, you can
> do
>
> what you like with the music, as long as you keep it to yourself. In
> Amazon's
>
> case, you agree that "you will use the Service only for your personal,
>
> non-commercial, entertainment use and not for any redistribution of the
> Digital
>
> Content or other use restricted in this Section 2.2. You agree not to
> infringe
>
> the rights of the Digital Content's copyright owners and to comply with all
>
> applicable laws in your use of the Digital Content. except as set forth in
>
> Section 2.1 above, you agree that you will not redistribute, transmit,
> assign,
>
> sell, broadcast, rent, share, lend, modify, adapt, edit, license or
> otherwise
>
> transfer or use the Digital Content. You are not granted any
> synchronisation,
>
> public performance, promotional use, commercial sale, resale, reproduction
> or
>
> distribution rights for the Digital Content. You acknowledge that the
> Digital
>
> Content embodies the intellectual property of a third party and is protected
> by
>
> law."
>
> While this might sound a little confusing, the upshot is that you can back
> up
>
> any music file you've downloaded, transfer it to CD or a music player and
> use it
>
> as you see fit. The key phrases are "only for your personal... use" and "you
>
> will not redistribute". If your handling of the music files is for your own
>
> use, without commercial interest, you're not breaking the law or the terms
> of
>
> use set out by the music service.
>
> Digital licences are far less restrictive than those that cover a physical
>
> product, but there's still an issue around what counts as personal use. In
>
> effect, personal use allows you and members of your household to use the
> music
>
> you've downloaded (or ripped from CD, if you choose to accept the BPI's
>
> assurance). Provided the people you share your music with live at your home,
>
> you should be fine. Some services don't specify limits on this, but others
> do.
>
> For example, Apple imposes the following limit in its terms and conditions
> of
>
> sale:
>
> "You shall be authorised to use the Products on up to five devices (such as
> a
>
> computer) with the iTunes application installed at any time, except in the
> case
>
> of Film Rentals."
>
> The general rule is that if you use and share your music fairly inside your
>
> home, you won't get into any trouble. Start distributing files far and wide
> and
>
> you'll run into problems.
>
> AT The MoVIeS
>
> Wouldn't it be great to have an entire movie collection on your hard disk so
>
> that you could access any of your films at the touch of a button? Sadly, as
> the
>
> law currently stands, this is very unlikely be a legal option. As with
> music,
>
> the act of copying a DVD or Blu-ray disc is illegal. The group that protects
>
> the copyright of films and TV programmes, the Federation Against Copyright
> Theft
>
> (FACT), has never said that it won't prosecute people for copying discs they
> own
>
> for their own personal use.
>
> What's more, films almost always feature digital copy protection, which
> encrypts
>
> the movie data and makes it harder to copy. The very presence of the
> encryption
>
> adds further protection from another law called the Copyright and Related
> Rights
>
> Regulations 2003. This makes a criminal offences of "manufacturing for sale
> or
>
> hire, importation, advertising or marketing a service the purposes of which
> is
>
> to enable or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures" and
> "providing,
>
> promoting, advertising or marketing a service the purpose of which is to
> enable
>
> or facilitate the circumvention of technical measures".
>
> In other words, software that would let you copy a protected disc is illegal
> to
>
> sell and perhaps even to buy in some circumstances. It's also illegal for
>
> magazines such as Shopper to promote it. This is rather an odd law, as it
>
> completely ignores how the software might be used. For example, such
> software
>
> can be used to remove the copy protection part of a Blu-ray disc that stops
> it
>
> playing on a digital display that lacks high Definition Content Protection
>
> (hDCP) encryption. This kind of software can also allow a PC to play a disc
>
> encoded to any region, which means UK consumers could play discs set for use
> in
>
> the US. Using this kind of software is currently illegal even if you don't
> copy
>
> the disc and, therefore, don't break conventional copyright laws.
>
> Bizarrely, under current law it's not illegal to buy pirate DVDs - only to
> sell
>
> them. This leads to the strange situation where doing something that takes
>
> money away from the copyright holder is permitted, but using movies at your
>
> convenience is breaking the law. Buying a pirate DVD and copying it remains
>
> illegal because you'd be making a copy of content that's protected by law.
> This
>
> is why downloading a film using BitTorrent is illegal, as you're making an
>
> illegal copy of the film.
>
> MoVIe DoWNLoADS
>
> Film downloads from places such as the iTunes store have similar limitations
> to
>
> music, but the important difference is that they're protected by DRM. This
> is
>
> unlikely to change in the future. The limitations imposed by DRM differ from
>
> service to service, but they're usually similar. Typically, you authorise a
>
> computer to play a specific film, and you're usually allowed to transfer
> this to
>
> a portable device. The DRM stops you transferring the film to a friend or
>
> sharing it online.
>
> It's also possible to rent movies and TV shows online. Again, DRM plays an
>
> important part in dictating what you can and can't do. Typically, the system
>
> lets you start watching it at any time during a 30-day period. however, as
> soon
>
> as you click the play button, you have just 48-hours to complete your
> viewing.
>
> The film or show can usually be viewed an unlimited number of times during
> this
>
> 48-hour period.
>
> reCorDING TV
>
> The UK law was changed with the advent of video recorders to let people
> record
>
> television programmes. however, the key phrasing of the law is that this is
>
> allowed for "time shifting" only. In other words, you're allowed to record
>
> anything on television to watch at a more convenient time but you're not
> allowed
>
> to record programmes and keep them indefinitely. This law applies to all
> forms
>
> of recording, whether you're using an old VCR, a hard disk recorder or a PC
> with
>
> a TV tuner in it.
>
> DoWNLoADeD ShoWS
>
> The popularity of catch-up services, such as the BBC's iPlayer, changes the
>
> situation slightly. What you're allowed to do with the files you download
>
> depends on the service you're using, so read the licence agreement
> carefully.
>
> Most have similar restrictions to iPlayer, so by using the service you agree
>
> "not to attempt to, or assist any other person to, copy, reproduce, lend,
> hire,
>
> broadcast, distribute or transmit in any other way the BBC Content in whole
> or
>
> in part other than by using the 'link to this Feature' or as permitted in
> these
>
> Terms or to circumvent or remove the digital rights security measures
> embedded
>
> in the BBC Content."
>
> As with other forms of DRM, bypassing the BBC's DRM is illegal. Paid-for
> rental
>
> programmes, such as those from iTunes and BT Vision, have more severe
>
> restrictions, and the DRM usually forces you to watch the rental during a
> set
>
> period. See the Movies section (above) for details.
>
> BooKS AND MAGAZINeS
>
> Books and magazines are protected by copyright, so you're not allowed to
> make
>
> copies of them except for personal research purposes (see the 'Fair dealing
> in
>
> UK law' box on page 117), subject to certain terms and conditions. This
> means
>
> that scanning a book and storing it on your computer is illegal. however,
> there
>
> are exceptions to this rule. If a title is out of copyright (see the box
> above
>
> for more information) you can make a copy of it legally.
>
> For example, you could scan it into your computer. Google has done this with
>
> its Books service ( http://books.google.com).
>
> You need to be careful, though. When a book or magazine is out of copyright,
>
> its words enter the public domain, but the pictures or artwork inside are
> not
>
> necessarily also free to copy. In fact, publishers often commission new
> artwork
>
> for different printings of a title, and these have separate copyright to the
>
> main text.
>
> prINT DoWNLoADS
>
> now that eBook readers are becoming more popular, a growing number of titles
> are
>
> available in digital formats. The rules governing what you can do with these
>
> vary depending on the type of eBook you have. First, there are books that
> you
>
> can download for free from sites such as Project Gutenberg (
> www.gutenberg.org).
>
> These books are scanned from titles that are out of copyright and converted
> to a
>
> range of formats for eBook readers and PCs. The important thing about these
>
> books is that they're out of copyright in the US, but not necessarily across
> the
>
> rest of the world. Before you download a title, check that there isn't still
> a
>
> UK copyright on the work. Provided the author has been dead for 70 years or
>
> longer, you'll be able to get the title for free.
>
> The second type of digital books are those that you download from bookstores
>
> such as CoolerBooks ( www.coolerbooks.com). These are protected by DRM and
> must
>
> be copied to an eBook reader using Adobe's Digital editions application.
>
> Depending on how you set up your software, the books you download are either
>
> restricted for use on a single computer or can be copied on up to five
> devices,
>
> which you authorise against your Digital editions account. Trying to remove
> the
>
> DRM is against the law.
>
> SofTWAre
>
> Any software you buy is governed by a licence that states what you can and
> can't
>
> do with it. Typically, you're allowed to make a single backup of the
>
> installation media, but you should read the licence agreement to check what
>
> you're allowed to do in each case.
>
> For example, Microsoft lets you back up your Windows 7 installation disc. As
>
> set out in the end User license Agreement (eUlA): "If you acquired the
> software
>
> on a disc or other media, you may make one backup copy of the media.
>
> You may use it only to reinstall the software on the licensed computer."
>
> If you download your software, similar rules exist and you're usually
> allowed to
>
> make a single backup of the installation file. Microsoft has this to say
> about
>
> downloaded versions of Windows 7: "If you purchased and downloaded the
> software
>
> online, you may make one copy of the software on a disc or other media in
> order
>
> to install the software on a computer. You may also use it to reinstall the
>
> software on the licensed computer."
>
> pC BACKUp
>
> At this point, you may be wondering what happens if you make a full backup
> of
>
> your PC using the built-in imaging software in Windows 7. Technically
> speaking,
>
> if you make multiple images of your PC, you're also making multiple backups
> of
>
> your software, so you could be in breach of some software licences. That
> said,
>
> you're unlikely to run into any problems using this method, as these backups
> are
>
> stored in files that can't be accessed without the backup software and can't
> be
>
> used to install software from scratch. What's more, Microsoft provides its
> own
>
> image-based backup software with Windows 7, which you can configure to run
> on a
>
> schedule, creating multiple backups.
>
> CoMpUTer GAMeS
>
> Technically speaking, computer games should fall into the same category as
>
> software, allowing you to make a backup of the installation media. however,
>
> this isn't necessarily the case. A big problem is that games developers
> often
>
> use copy protection to prevent their titles being copied and redistributed.
>
> Breaking the copy protection to make a backup violates the Copyright and
> Related
>
> Rights Regulations 2003 laws, in the same way that copying a DVD does. This
> is
>
> despite what you might read to the contrary on websites that specialise in
>
> providing tools to copy games.
>
> Downloaded games are subjected to a similar licence agreement as downloaded
>
> software. Read this licence before you make any copies to make sure you're
> not
>
> breaking the law.
>
> TAKe CAre
>
> The law can certainly be confusing when it comes to copyright and computers,
> and
>
> what you're allowed to do is often dictated by the industry group
> responsible
>
> for the content. The BPI says it won't try to sue you for copying your music
>
> CDs, while the film industry body FACT claims that it will prosecute if you
> copy
>
> a DVD.
>
> Further complications are added by our odd copyright laws, which make
> software
>
> and tools that can break copy protection or DRM illegal. This further limits
>
> what we can do with digital files. It's clear that the law needs to change,
> as
>
> we're moving into a world where we expect to be able to view our media where
> we
>
> want, when we want. We shouldn't be restricted by outdated concepts designed
>
> for music, films and software that are packaged on a single medium.
>
> In the meantime, you need to make sure you stay on the right side of the
> law.
>
> Read the terms and conditions of the online stores from which you buy
> digital
>
> media, and check the licence agreement for any software you own to make sure
> you
>
> don't fall foul of the law. Don't download any software that tries to break
> DRM
>
> or copy-protection, as you'll be breaking the law.
>
> For legal grey areas, such as copying CDs to your computer, the rule is to
> be
>
> careful. As long as you're only doing it for your own use and that of others
> in
>
> your household, you're unlikely to run into any trouble with the law.
>
> Unfortunately, that's as unambiguous as it gets.
>
> Fair Dealing in UK laW
>
> The UK has a specific section of its copyright laws that deals with
> exceptions.
>
> These Fair Dealing exceptions outline the situations where copyright law
> doesn't
>
> apply. The following examples are permitted, as long as they're limited to a
>
> certain degree and don't infringe the work of the copyright holder. If
> you're
>
> in any doubt as to whether or not what you want to do falls under Fair
> Dealing,
>
> you should contact the copyright holder and ask for permission to use the
> work,
>
> or contact a lawyer who specialises in copyright law.
>
> research For non-commercial anD privaTe sTUDy
>
> This allows you to make photocopies of a small number of pages from a book,
>
> provided that your research has no commercial application.
>
> criTicism, revieW or reporTing cUrrenT evenTs
>
> This allows journalists to quote from a source for the above purposes. There
>
> are limits, and you shouldn't use more of the source than is required for
> the
>
> purpose of criticism and review. You should quote the original source.
>
> inciDenTal inclUsion
>
> This deals with accidentally capturing a copyrighted work, such as in the
>
> background of a home video.
>
> library privilege
>
> British libraries have a special privilege that allows them to lend
> copyrighted
>
> works, although there are still a number of restrictions.
>
> Time-shiFTing recorDings
>
> This exception was introduced in 1988 as a result of the growing popularity
> of
>
> video recorders, and extends to any modern recording device, such as the
> Sky+
>
> box and other hard disk recorders. The limitation of the exception is that
> you
>
> may only record things with the specific intent of watching them at a more
>
> convenient time, not keeping them indefinitely.
>
> creaTing a bacKUp oF a compUTer program For personal Use
>
> Software, both on disc and downloaded, can be backed up, although the
>
> restrictions in place depend on the accompanying licence.
>
> When Does copyrighT expire?
>
> copyright exists for a limited period, after which a work is in the public
>
> domain and can be copied freely. This is why you can download free
> electronic
>
> books from www.gutenberg.org.
>
> Copyright differs depending on the work, the identified authors and the
> country
>
> of origin. The length also differs between countries, so a work may be in
>
> copyright in one country and in the public domain in another. In the UK,
>
> copyright lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years and applies to all
>
> literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works. If a work has more than one
>
> author, it expires 70 years after the death of the last survivor.
>
> A publisher's copyright is separate, and lasts 25 years from the end of the
> year
>
> in which it first published the work. This applies to all printed works
>
> including books, magazines and newspapers.
>
> For films, copyright is determined by the life of the principal director,
>
> screenwriter, author of the dialogue and composer of any original music. If
>
> none of these people is listed, copyright lasts for 50 years.
>
> Computer-generated works also have a copyright of 50 years from the creation
> of
>
> the work. TV and radio broadcasts made before 1956 have no copyright; those
>
> made after are copyright for 50 years.
>
> Copyright lengths can change over time. In the US the Sonny Bono Act, as it
> was
>
> known, extended copyright, although the extension depended on when the work
> was
>
> created. The act was also known as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act, as it
>
> stopped Walt Disney's early Mickey Mouse cartoons entering the public
> domain.
>
> UK copyright law was also extended in 1995 from the author's life plus 50
> years
>
> to the author's life plus 70 years. It was applied retrospectively to all
>
> works, which was good news for Great Ormond Street Hospital, as it extended
> its
>
> copyright of Peter Pan until 31st December 2007. The hospital also gained a
>
> perpetual extension to some of the work's rights, entitling it to royalties
> for
>
> any performance, publication or adaptation of the play.
>
>
> Technical telepathy: 09969636745
> Saints are not always saints; sinners are not always sinners.
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> _______________________________________________
> AccessIndia mailing list
> AccessIndia at accessindia.org.in
> http://accessindia.org.in/mailman/listinfo/accessindia_accessindia.org.in
>
>
> End of AccessIndia Digest, Vol 53, Issue 139
> ********************************************
>


-- 
with regards robin
8802488633




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