[AI] NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION's INITIATIVE ON DISABILITY ISSUE
kodakkalshivaprasad at yahoo.com
Sat Sep 25 11:39:47 EDT 2010
"Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities - A guide by Commonwealth Secretariat"
New Delhi, September 3rd, 2010
The approach to people with disabilities both nationally and internationally, has, for far too long, been built on a model of care and entitlement based on charity. There is a paradigm shift in the approach regarding the rights of persons with disability from the charity model to a human rights based model. The human rights model positions disability as an important dimension of human culture, and, it affirms that all human beings irrespective of their disabilities have certain rights which are inalienable.
The National Human Rights Commission has been deeply concerned about the protection and promotion of rights of persons with disabilities. The Commission is of the view that the persons with disabilities should enjoy all human rights on an equal basis with others. Towards this end, the Commission has adopted a multi-pronged approach which includes redressal of individual complaints, legislative and policy reform, spreading of awareness etc.
The Commission has been involved since the formative stages of the UN Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The Commission advocated the ratification of the UN convention and finally the Government of India ratified the Convention on 1st October 2007.
As a follow up action, the Commission appointed a Special Rapporteur on Disability related issues and constituted a Core Advisory Group on Disability to advise the Commission on matters connected with and incidental to the promotion, protection and monitoring of the human rights for persons with disabilities.
With a view to assess whether existing Programmes and Policies for persons with disabilities are having the desired impact and to identify gaps in implementation, if any, and to suggest appropriate strategies to deal with them, the Commission organized five Regional review meetings on Disability during 2008-09 in various parts of the country.
The Commission has advocated to the Government of India for the ratification of Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Commission is of the view that the Optional Protocol will strengthen the accountability mechanism and serve as an additional tool for the promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities.
The Commission reviewed The Copy Right (Amendment) Bill, 2010 from Human Rights perspective and noted that it does not meet the demand of print disabled person. With a view to protect the rights of the print disabled people, the Commission made recommendations for amendments in The Copy Right (Amendment) Bill, 2010 which is being examined by the Parliamentary Standing Committee.
With a view to monitor the implementation of various laws, policies, concerning the rights of the persons with disabilities, Special Rapporteurs, NHRC have been visiting various states. The Commission has also asked all the State Governments to give wide publicity to UNPRCD to create awareness regarding the rights of persons with disabilities.
With a view to create awareness and sensitize various stakeholders regarding the various provisions of CRPD, the Commonwealth Secretariat has published a book entitled "Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities - A guide by Commonwealth Secretariat". This book enumerates various provisions of the Convention in a very simple and informative manner. It not only clarifies that States should not discriminate against persons with disabilities, but also sets out the many steps that States must take to create an enabling environment so that persons with disabilities can enjoy real equality in society. Further, this book is also accessible to the persons with visual impairments. This publication has been released simultaneously at the four centers around the world by the Commonwealth Secretariat. In recognition of the work done by NHRC in the field of protecting and promoting Human Rights of persons with disabilities, NHRC is selected as one of the four
institutions for releasing this book.
Today on 3rd September, 2010 Hon'ble Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission, Justice Shri K.G. Balakrishnan has released the book in a function organized in the National Human Rights Commission. Justice Shri G.P. Mathur, Justice Shri B.C. Patel, Shri Satyabrata Pal and Shri P.C. Sharma Hon'ble Members, NHRC were also present. The function was also attended by Shri K.S. Money, Secretary General, NHRC, representatives of Union Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disability, Members of NHRC Core Group on Disability and NGOs working in the disability sector.
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