[AI] Examinations

Prashant Verma pr_verma at hotmail.com
Fri Sep 3 13:06:32 EDT 2010

Dear Kanchan,
Here is another draft that is on the same subject for the University level 

           Exam writing policy for students with disability-

1.	The term examination stands for all examinations conducted by the 
University, the Colleges and the Departments. It would include the final 
exams, the college conducted half yearly (House exams), the semester exams, 
the entrance tests and any other exams officially conducted by the 
University, the colleges or the teaching faculty.

2.	The facilities specified in the Document will include the following 
categories of students:
a.	Students with visual disabilities
b.	Students with low vision
c.	Students with short term disability due to injury
d.	Students with orthopaedic disability
e.	Students with brain related ailments that demand support systems
f.	Students with any other type of disability accepted for this purpose by 
the head of the institution, (to be approved by an officer designated by the 
Examination Branch)

3.	All students, in any of the categories mentioned above, may arrange for 
their own writers, scribes. In case they are unable to do so, the 
superintendent of the examination centre would provide a writer. The 
candidate must, however, request for a writer at least 24 hours prior to the 
commencement of the examination. A writers' bank must be created for the 
purpose for a ready availability of writers whenever required. The candidate 
must be given an opportunity to satisfy himself/ herself about the writer's 
ability to take dictation from the candidate. There should be, at least, a 
minimum comfort level between the candidate and the writer and the 

4.	One hour extra time over and above the prescribed time for a paper of 
three hours duration and where the period is less than 3hrs., then extra 
time allowed will be 1 / 3rd of the total duration of examination, be given 
to write answer scripts, without obtaining prior approval of the University.

5.	There should be no clause regarding the academic qualification of the 
scribe except a minimum level of education. As each candidate is required to 
be assigned a separate invigilator and a separate room, it is the 
responsibility of the invigilator to ensure a fair conduct of the 
examination. (UPSC guidelines may be used) (Suggestion from Vikas Gupta: 
students of humanities should preferably be provided with scribes of 
humanities background and those of science and commerce and different 
languages with scribes of respective backgrounds. He also feels that levels 
of minimum education could be different for different courses).

6.	It should not be mandatory for a candidate to mention his/ her disability 
on the cover page of the answer script.

7.	The writer must be paid at the end of each examination by the 
superintendent of the concerned Centre whether the writer has been arranged 
by the candidate or by the superintendent. Each Centre must receive the 
required remuneration in advance from the University.

8.	The remuneration to be paid to the writers must be enhanced from Rs. 
100/- to Rs. 300/- in accordance with revisions in the entire examination 

9.	An extremely cumbersome requirement of a certificate from the University 
Health Centre, in the case of persons with short term disability, should be 
replaced with a simplified and convenient approach. A certificate from an 
MBBS doctor and endorsed by the Head of the Institution should be acceptable 
for a candidate to seek a writer for writing an exam.

10.	In case of a candidate, whose disability may not be a hindrance in his/ 
her ability to write the exam himself/ herself, but could cause a 
significant slow down in writing speed, the provision of extra time should 
be allowed even if the service of a writer is not required. (Vikas feels 
that a separate room should also be provided)

11.	If the candidates so desire, they must be allowed to write their exam 
through computers with the help of relevant and friendly software chosen by 
them. Such students may write their exam at the college, if the college is 
equipped with the software or at a centre approved by the Examination 

12.	There should be clearly stated directions for invigilators who would 
supervise over the candidates. The directives should be sent to the 
superintendents with other printed instructions in advance.

13.	Institutions used as centers for the entrance test/ exams etc. should be 
the campus centers or the CIE run schools where monitoring may be possible.

14.	Examination Branch should designate an officer, who is fully sensitized 
to assist, inform, conduct, supervise and attend to all work regarding 
candidates in this category for easy and prompt disposal of all enquiries 
and grievances. Such officer should work in consultation with the Equal 
Opportunity Cell and the Coordinators of the Equal Opportunity Cell in 
different colleges and departments in a reciprocal way of exchange of 
information and use of expertise.

The following are some new points not included in the Draft:

1.	Blind students can write their answers on computers. The facility can be 
extended to include laptops.
2.	There are Declaration forms to be filled by both the scribe and the 
3.	The scribe has to submit the following certificates:
      Certified copy of Identification proof
      Attested copies of Educational Qualifications
4.	The candidate may be permitted to draw the diagrams etc. themselves, if 
desired by them.
5.	The Centre Superintendent shall make the sitting arrangements for the 
dyslexic, blind, physically handicapped and spastic candidates on the ground 
floor, as far as possible.
6.	Alternate type questions may be provided in lieu of questions having 
visual inputs for the blind candidates in English Communicative, social 
Sciences, History, Geography and Economics etc.
7.	Separate question papers in enlarged print for Maths and Science & 
Technology may be provided for candidates having visual impairment.
8.	The Centre Superintendent(s) are directed to send the answer books of 
special category students in separate covers to the Examination Branch.

From: "Pamnani" <kanchanpamnani at hotmail.com>
Sent: Thursday, September 02, 2010 4:28 PM
To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
Subject: [AI] Examinations

> Most of you know that I have been working on the guidelines for 
> examinations especially the issue of scribes for some time.
> All of us have realised the need for standard guidelines in the country. 
> After the maharashtra guidelines were issued many of you approached me and 
> have been approaching me regularly for All India guidelines.  Therefore it 
> is time to act.
> I have based my work on the:
> 1. Guidelines in Maharashtra
> 2. Minutes of meeting held in2008
> 3. Judgement in Asif's case
> 4. University of Bombay's circular on psychology
> I need to know from each of you as to what you want in the new Rules. What 
> you want to safe guard against,What you want the Examination authority to 
> take care of and what will be the visually challenged's responsibility. 
> Anything that I should take into account especially for any particular 
> exam. Please ask for the moon we just might get it of course be practical. 
> Think of all the variations and combinations and complications that 
> someone somewhere may face.  Thats why I am still on this group.
> I cannot take care of the idiot who denies the rules but I can ensure good 
> rules on paper at least. So lets go for it. Please dont send me a list of 
> what happened in the past I cant rectify it but I can see that it does not 
> happen again. So requesting for some input.
> The new rules will apply to :
> 1. All recruiting exams
> 2. All college and school exams
> 3. All entrance exams
> 4. any other exam that I have forgotten
> Looking forward to your inputs
> Thanks
> Kanchan
> Kanchan Pamnani
> Advocate & Solicitor
> 9, Suleman Chambers,
> Battery Street, Colaba,
> Mumbai - 400 039.
> Voice your thoughts in the blog to discuss the Rights of persons with 
> disability bill at:
> http://www.accessindia.org.in/harish/blog.htm
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Prashant Ranjan Verma
Consultant Training & Technical Support
DAISY Consortium

Guest Faculty, Equal Opportunity Cell
University of Delhi

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