[AI] Policy for Examination

Manish Agrawal magrawal at sapient.com
Thu Feb 14 05:17:48 EST 2008

I believe the 50% limit (that has been arbitrarily raised to 60%) is
completely discriminatory and we should argue to get this removed.
The SBI contention to me sounds arbitrary to the extent of being
paradoxical in the sense that they believe 50% marks is bad enough that
the scribe would not be unduely able to help the candidate while 50% is
good enough that the scribe can sufficiently address all the
requirements of a scribe.
 where did this 50% bar come from? different examining bodies have
different marking schemes for different educational levels and subjects.
e.g. 50% is average marks in arts but even 85% is not good enough in
mathematics in class X.
The fact that this is suggested by the CCD is all the more unfortunate
because CCD would be considered the most scientific source of disability
related guidance. However, this 50% guidance is not related to a
disabled person. It is related to the ability of an able bodied person
acting as the scribe. This guidance, if at all, should come from an
education board based on scientifically collected data.

I noticed in the RBI guidelines, this limit is not present.
The RBI on the other hand places the condition of one and the same
scribe to be used for all exams. This again is arbitrary. If preventing
cheating is the motive, then an invigilator should be provided (which is
already done I guess).

 These guidelines are wrong in their very intent. The guidelines should
be aimed at solving the problem of enabling people with disabilities to
integrate with the main stream. 
These guidelines, on the other hand, intend to set up barriers against
cheating and fraud, which is an important but completely different

The cheating and fraud guidelines should be a separate broader circular
that is mostly common to all candidates.

my 2 cents

-----Original Message-----
From: accessindia-bounces at accessindia.org.in
[mailto:accessindia-bounces at accessindia.org.in] On Behalf Of Pamnani
Sent: Thursday, February 14, 2008 3:43 AM
To: accessindia at accessindia.org.in
Subject: [AI] Policy for Examination

This is the view of State Bank of India.   

State Bank of India


Central Recruitment & Promotion Department, 

Corporate Centre, Tulsiani Chambers

1st Floor (West Wing), 212, 

Free Press Journal Marg, 

Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400021.

Tel. No.: 91 - 022 - 2282 O427.

Fax: 91 - 022 - 2282 0411.

E-mail: crpd at sbi.co.in

Under Secretary to the Govt. of India,

Ministry of Finance,

Department of Financial Services,

Jeevan Deep, 

10, Parliament Street,

New Delhi-110001.


No. CRPD/AB/2007/891
Dated: November 14, 2007


Dear Sir,


Notice of Hearing U/S 63 of The Persons With Disabilities Act 1995 Case
No. 3929/2007.


We refer to your letter No. F.3/6/2007-SCT (B) dated 6th November 2007
in the captioned matter.


In this connection, we have to advise that the scribes are allowed to
help the persons with visual/locomotive impairment  to read the question
paper and write the answers relating to concerned examinations. Until
July 2007, we had allowed scribes on following terms and conditions to
assist the visually/locomotor impaired candidates in terms of guidelines
issued by the Office of the Chief Commissioner for Disabilities vide
letter no. 27- UP(38)/C.C.D/2000/5751 dated 10.05.2000 (Annexure 'A')-


  1.. Scribe/Writer must be on grade junior in academic qualification
from the candidate.
  2.. Scribe/Writer should be one possessing 50% or less marks.
  3.. Scribe/Writer should be from academic discipline other than that
of the candidate.
  4.. Scribe/Writer should be arranged by the candidate at their own
cost (discretion has been given to the examining authority).

In the meantime, we received a notice from the Dy. Chief Commissioner,
In the Court of the Chief Commissioner for Persons With Disabilities on
a complaint filed by the National Association for the Blind (Annexure
'B'), wherein the Court took cognizance of raising of the limit for
scribes to 60% by some Banks. Earlier, the complainant had requested us
to raise/liberalize the criteria on the basis of their letter no.
EMP:SVK/2007/64 dated May 15, 2007, wherein they provided us with a copy
of Court Order No. PIL No. 129of2003 and         Maharashtra Government
directives vide circular no. 06-07/2951 dated December 20, 2006
(Annexure 'C'). The following guidelines have been laid down by the
Maharashtra Government therein relating to qualification of a scribe-  

a)      It is desirable that the candidate and the scribe are from the
same stream.

b)      In case the candidate avails the services of his/her own
scribe/writer, the scribe/writer should be one grade junior in academic
qualification than the candidate if from the same stream. However, this
condition shall not apply if the scribe/writer is from a different

c)      No other restriction should be imposed on the selection of a


It would appear-from the order that the above guidelines are mainly for
academic examinations involving streams like Arts, Science and Commerce
etc. and are applicable for tests conducted by Maharashtra Government
and not for All India tests like our recruitment examinations.


On the complaint of National Association for the Blind, the Commission
also directed the State Bank of India to appear before it (Annexure
'B'). We appeared before the Commission and put forth our viewpoint and
also made our submissions vide our letter no. CRPD/AB/2007/243 dated
August 01, 2007 (Annexure 'D'). However, on the advise of the Commission
(Annexure 'E'), the Bank agreed to raise the marks stipulation to 60% as
an interim measure.     


In this matter though the Commission has not directed us on any issue in
its record of proceedings dated 18th October 2007, we are of the view
that our recruitment examinations are of the nature of competitive
examinations, which generally covers all streams of educations and it is
essential that the scribe possess lesser marks than the candidate. As
the minimum graduation marks are usually fixed at 50-55% for SC/ST/PWD
candidates, it was appropriate that the scribe should not have more than
50% marks. Secondly, as per the complainant, it is very difficult to get
scribes/writer with marks of 50% or less. We do not agree with this. We
still strongly believe in the Commission's earlier directives, cited
above. The persons with impairment  need scribes who can clearly read
the question paper arid write the answer as directed by the candidate.
For this, the scribe/writer need not be highly qualified. A class
X/XII/Intermediate/graduate passed candidate, who is fit and alert, is
sufficient for this purpose. This was the substance of our argument
placed before the Commission. 


Submitted for your information.


Yours faithfully.


General Manager

Encl: as above.

\\ABHlJEET\avijit\Clcrical Rect\Commission.doc2







 No. 27-UP (38)/C.C.D/2000/5751


Mr. Harinder Singh 

Joint secretary  

Department of Personnel and Training

North Block, New Delhi



Sub: - Modifications In the written tests and Interviews for persons
with disabilities in the matter of direct recruitment/selection or


Dear Sir,

In the recent past several complaints pertaining to discrimination in
the written tests and interviews have been reported by persons with
disabilities. In order to equalize opportunities for the disabled in the
matter of written tests and Interviews for Recruitment/Selection or
promotion certain arrangement needs to be provided such as:




(a)     Blind/Low vision persons due to the nature of their disability
cannot negotiate the question paper available in Ink print, unless a
sighted person reads out the question paper to them. Therefore, it
becomes absolutely necessary that a sighted assistant is made available
for blind/low vision persons for reading the question paper. 


(b)     Similarly/the Blind/Low vision persons can write their
assignment in braille script which the sighted examiners cannot
comprehend, therefore, it is essential that the blind/low vision persons
are provided with the assistance of a scribe/writer for the purpose of
writing the tests for recruitment or promotion. 


(c)     Person having impairment of movement in arms and hands though
can read independently but have problem in writing the test at a high
speed, therefore, require assistance of a scribe for the purpose of
writing the tests for recruitment or promotion. 


(d)     The persons with disabilities (Equal opportunities, protection
of Rights and Full participation) Act1995 in section 31 states 

"All educational institutions shall provides or cause to be provided
amanuensis to blind students and students with or low vision."


In view of the above, it is suggested that all establishments conducting
written tests for recruitment to jobs or promotion should ensure that
persons who are blind/low vision or locomotor impaired in both hands and
both arms should be provided with the assistance of a scribe or writer,
for the purpose of writing test for recruitment to jobs or promotion to
next grade. Blind/low vision persons are already getting the facility of
a writer for the purpose of school and college examinations. Therefore,
providing writers for taking, recruitment test and promotion tests, is
fully justified.      


Writers/Scribes should be provided on following terms and conditions:

i)                    Scribe/Writer must be one grade junior in academic
qualification from the candidate. 

ii)                   Scribe/Writer should be one possessing 50% or less

iii)                 Scribe/Writer should be from academic discipline
other than that of the candidate,

iv)                 Scribe/writer should either be provided by the
examining authority or can be arranged by the candidate. This is at the
discretion of the examining authority,




It is evident that the candidate who writes the test with the assistance
of a scribe/writer would write at a slower pace. Whereas the, candidate
speaks the answer and the writer writes the, answer after-listening to
the answer of the candidate. In this process the time consumed in
writing the answer is higher than that of the non-disabled candidates.
With the view to judge the performance of candidates writing tests with
the help of scribes and candidates writing test by themselves it is
necessary to equalize the opportunities by granting extra time. The
examining authorities are advised to:

(i)                  For a written test,of1 hour duration, at least 20
minutes extra time should be allotted.

(ii)                Similarly, for written tests Involving more than one
or less than one hour extra time should be worked out on the basisof20
minutes per one hour.



Sec. 30 (f) of the Disability Act stipulates,

"Without prejudice to the foregoing provisions, the appropriate
Governments shall by notification prepare a comprehensive education
scheme which shall make Provision for suitable modification in the
examination system to eliminate purely mathematical questions for the
benefit of blind students and students with low vision;"

For blind/low-vision persons purely mathematical questions should be
eliminated as per Sec. 30 (f). It would be logical to eliminate, those
sections from the written test which are purely visual In nature such as
graphs, pictures or maps. If, the blind persons are exempted from purely
mathematical questions it would be appropriate to suitably modify other
visual sections too. Therefore, it is suggested that all, the examining
authorities must; issue instructions to the paper setters so that
alternative questions of' equal value are worked out for blind and low
vision students in lieu of the purely visual questions. In case where
alternative questions in lieu of the purely visual questions are not
provided then, the candidates must be awarded marks on such sections
based on the overall average of marks otherwise obtained by the
candidates in other sections of the paper barring those Involving visual
sections. This would equalize opportunities in the written test for the




Interview is an important part of any recruitment process. Persons with
Hearing Impairment and Speech Impairment, though having excellent
communication skills must use services of an interpreter during the
interview. This would ensure smooth and better communication between
interviewers and the Hearing Impaired and Speech Impaired interviewees.
Presence of the Interpreter would rule out possibility of communication
gaps. Interpreter should be ideally of the disabled person's choice from
the same city because in the sign language there are as many dialects as
in the spoken language. Interpreter from one language zone can, not
Interpret for another linguistic zone. For utmost efficiency it is
better that the interpreter is of the candidates own choice


We request you to advise all the heads of the ministries and departments
and heads of recruiting agencies such as UPSC, SSC, BSRB, RRB and all
heads of Public Sector undertakings to ensure suitable modifications for
the disabled in the written tests conducted by them for
recruitment/selection or promotion.


Sincerely yours,

(Anuradha Mohit)

Copy to:

  1.. Executive Director (Personnel), NHPC Ltd, Sector 33, Faridabad
  2.. Executive Director (Personnel), NTPC Ltd., NTPC Bhawan, core -7,
scope Complex -7, Industrial Area, Lodh1 Road, New Delhi
  3.. General Manager (HR), Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Scope Complex,
Core 2, 7, Industrial area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi.   ,
  4.. Secretary, central Recruitment Board (state Bank Group), Madhulie
1st Floor, H/2, Shivsagar Estate, Dr. annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai

(Anuradha Mohit)



Room No. 120, I.P.H. Building, 4, Vishnu Digamber Marg, New Delhi-110002
Tel.: 3234101 Fax: 3221080 E-mail: blscc at alpha.nic.in Web Site :

Kanchan Pamnani
Advocate & Solicitor
9, Suleman Chambers,
Battery Street, Colaba,
Mumbai - 400 039.

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