[AI] The Nano Inspiration

Shadab Husain shadabhsn at gmail.com
Fri Jan 18 12:56:56 EST 2008

Dear Pradeep - Thank you for sending this email to me. I really am a
tree-hugger and I passionately love my mother earth, so I will urge
you to see the deceit behind the Nano by clicking

Outrageously, our media has done a hatchet job.  Please save our
mother earth from these industrialists.

I can do anything to save my beloved earth! And you?

Shadab Husain

The purpose of developing things should be to develop man not things

On 1/18/08, Pradeep banakar <pradeep_banakar at yahoo.co.in> wrote:
> The Nano Inspiration
> I am inspired by the story of the Nano. Beyond its cute look or frugal
> engineering-driven price tag, I find it remarkable how Team Tata pulled it
> off in
> just four years.
> I've watched and read the rumblings - on congestion, traffic, the
> environment.  Confession: I own a car.  This makes it hard for me to
> criticise the Nano:
> people-in-glass-houses constraint.  There is an Indian equivalent of this -
> the "unreserved compartment syndrome".  All those inside the compartment do
> everything to keep outsiders at bay; but once someone gets in - bravely
> beating the odds - he becomes an insider, repeating the same behaviour, so
> nothing
> changes.  We need to understand the sentiments of the outsiders - how many
> people who don't own cars criticise the Nano on the grounds of traffic
> congestion
> and environmental concerns.
> But the larger point is the inspirational lamp that the Nano story lights.
> There are hundreds of challenges in India where the lessons of the Nano can
> be applied - design innovation, scale efficiency, vendor networking and so
> on.  I want to talk about three illustrative examples.
> Healthcare
> Dr Devi Shetty, one of the country's leading heart surgeons is also focused
> on bringing affordable health services to the poor.  He talked of the need
> for
> innovation and scale in healthcare, based on our unique challenges in India.
> Using the example of a CT scan, which costs Rs 5,000 - 10,000 per patient,
> he said, "We have a few hundred CT scan machines in India, each doing 3-4
> scans
> a day, although the capacity is over 100/day.  These machines are like
> planes that earn money only when they fly.  We need to increase the flow of
> patients
> through these centres.  But this is related to other issues like hospital
> bed capacity and inpatient/outpatient ratios.  Today, most hospitals make
> their
> money from inpatients.  We need to reverse this relationship where thousands
> of outpatients who each pay a few hundred rupees for tests can subsidize the
> operating costs of the hospital."
> Imagine if we could get a CT scan cost down to Rs 500, offer a heart surgery
> for a few thousand rupees or a gall bladder surgery for under a thousand.
> This requires a fundamental redesign of all the parts of the healthcare
> delivery system - from re-engineering individual components like the CT
> scan, to
> embedding these into scaled health "cities" that can get a critical mass of
> 10,000 outpatients a day.
> Housing
> In urban India alone, we need to build over 26 million homes to meet
> projected demand until 2012, and over 95% of this is for the poor.   If we
> ignore government
> subsidised programmes, and focus on market-driven solutions, we need to
> build homes with an all-in cost of Rs 2 - Rs 2.5 lakhs for land and
> building, so
> that the EMI is around Rs 2,500.  Given current land costs and fsi/far
> ratios in urban India, this translates to a construction cost of about Rs
> 300- 400
> per square foot for a 400 sft dwelling.  Imagine the kind of demand that can
> open up if we can change the engineering specifications, reduce the
> cost-per-unit
> by scale economies, improve the construction process, and deliver a product
> that might not have marble floors, but doesn't compromise on quality.
> Public transport
> The Design Museum of London (
> www.designmuseum.org)
> says this about the famous London double-decker bus, "Developed over nine
> years from 1947 to 1956 by a team led by industrial designer Douglas Scott,
> the
> Routemaster was designed with mass-production in mind. By constructing a bus
> from the maximum number of interchangeable parts, they cut the cost not only
> of the initial tooling and manufacturing, but of repairs and maintenance
> too. They also equipped it with the latest automotive engineering
> innovations
> such as power steering, an automatic gearbox, hydraulic brakes, independent
> springs and heating controls."
> I think of the public bus system in our cities.  If the experience is bad
> for passengers, it's worse for the bus drivers, having to navigate these
> Noah's
> arks through the narrow Indian streets.  We need buses designed for Indian
> conditions: our roads, our traffic, our people.  With environmental
> challenges
> thrown in, we are looking at a fundamental redesign of the Indian bus.  Can
> we create an icon like the London Routemaster?
> These challenges - and the hundreds more that India faces - would normally
> result in little more than wishful thinking or simplistic dead-end pilot
> projects.
>  The Nano story inspires us to say, "Why not?"  with a clear-headed
> acknowledgement of the complexities.  To me, this itself is worth the
> applause it is
> receiving.
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