[AI] The story of Louis Braille's life, told in a lively style

Amiyo Biswas amiyo.biswas at gmail.com
Mon Jan 7 02:49:24 EST 2008


I prepared a chronological sketch on history of education for the blind and
on the life of Monsieur Louis Braille for an exhibition based on the article

I am pasting below for you. If you want to read Braille's biographies in
braille, you can visit the web site of Blind Persons' Association at
They sell books at reasonable prices.

Best regards,


Cell: +91-9433464329

History of Education of the Sightless

Date Event
1260 King Louis IX of France founded Quinze-Vingts, the first-ever formal
institution  for sightless people, providing 300 French knights whose eyes
were put out as a punishment by the Saracens during the crusade
1745 Valentin Haüy, the founder of the first blind school, was born
1771 Haüy witnessed 8 sightless people from Quinze-Vingts performing a
jocular dance at the St. Ovid's Fair in Paris and became convinced of their
1784 Valentin Haüy founded the Royal Institution for Blind Children, the
world's first blind school in Paris depending on books of raised letters on
soaked paper
The following blind schools were soon founded using many of Haüy's ideas and
1791 First blind school established in England at Liverpool
1804 First blind school established in Austria at Vienna
1806 First blind school established in Germany at Berlin
1808 Ironically, the first working print typewriter was devised in Italy to
help a blind countess produce legible writing for sighted people
1822 Valentin Haüy died in Paris
1824 Louis Braille developed Braille system (named after him and used now
all over the world) upon Charles Barbier's artillery code of dots and dashes
using 6 dots
1837 The State of Ohio set up the first blind school in the USA
1841 A blind inventor, Pierre Foucault, invented a machine called a "piston
board," to punch complete dot-drawn letters
1847 Pierre Foucault invented the "keyboard printer" (essentially, a
typewriter) enabling blind people to write to sighted people in black type
1868 William Bell Wait introduced New York Point system, a variant of
Braille, popularly used in America (later eclipsed by braille system)
1886 First institution for the sightless in India set up at Amritswar
1894 The setting up of Calcutta Blind School, the first of its kind in
Eastern India, by Lal Bihari Shah
1916 Braille was adopted as the standard method of reading and writing for
sightless people in the USA

Louis Braille

Date Event
1809Jan.4 Louis Braille, the inventor of Braille system, was born at
Coupvray near Paris
1812 Louis injured his eye in an accident while playing with his father's
1819 Louis got admission in Haüy's school
1821 Louis saw the tactile artillery code of dots and dashes used for
communication in the dark developed by Charles Barbier
1824 Louis developed Braille system upon Barbier's method using 6 dots
1829 Louis published Method of Writing Words, Music, and Plain Songs by
Means of Dots, for Use by the Blind and Arranged for Them, his first
complete book about his new system
1834 Demonstration of Braille's  system in the International Paris
Exposition of Industry
1837 The first braille book, a three-volume history of France, was published
1852Jan.6 Louis Braille died of tuberculosis
1854 France adopted Braille as its official communications system for blind
1870 Acceptance of Braille system throughout Europe
1952 Louis's body was interred in the Pantheon on his death centenary
following a huge public ceremony at the Sorbonne attended by dignitaries
from all over the world including Helen Keller

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