[AI] The story of Louis Braille's life, told in a lively style

raju rgdcnb1980 at yahoo.co.in
Sat Jan 5 01:24:22 EST 2008


www.afb.org
----- Original Message ----- 
From: "amar jain" <amarjain2006 at gmail.com>
To: <accessindia at accessindia.org.in>
Sent: Saturday, January 05, 2008 9:50 AM
Subject: Re: [AI] The story of Louis Braille's life, told in a lively style


> Respected Sir,
> Thanks for such a good article, Can you please tell me the website? Is
> it afb.net or is it the website of RNIB? Please let me know if I am
> rong it is my guess only. Because I want to keep this site in my best
> sites's folder because you coppied good things from this website and I
> will be glad to see the updates.
> With Best Regards,
>
> On 1/3/08, raju <rgdcnb1980 at yahoo.co.in> wrote:
>> The story of Louis Braille's life, told in a lively style
>>
>>
>>
>> Louis Braille
>>
>>
>>
>> www.afb.org
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Louis Braille (1809-1852)
>>
>>
>>
>> Six dots. Six bumps. Six bumps in different patterns, like 
>> constellations,
>> spreading out over the page. What are they? Numbers, letters, words. Who
>> made this code? None other than Louis Braille, a French 12-year-old, who 
>> was
>> also blind. And his work changed the world of reading and writing, 
>> forever.
>>
>>
>>
>> Louis was from a small town called Coupvray, near Paris-he was born on
>> January 4 in 1809. Louis became blind by accident, when he was 3 years 
>> old.
>> Deep in his Dad's harness workshop, Louis tried to be like his Dad, but 
>> it
>> went very wrong; he grabbed an awl, a sharp tool for making holes, and 
>> the
>> tool slid and hurt his eye. The wound got infected, and the infection
>> spread, and soon, Louis was blind in both eyes.
>>
>> All of a sudden, Louis needed a new way to learn. He stayed at his old
>> school for two more years, but he couldn't learn everything just by
>> listening. Things were looking up when Louis got a scholarship to the 
>> Royal
>> Institution for Blind Youth in Paris, when he was 10. But even there, 
>> most
>> of the teachers just talked at the students. The library had 14 huge 
>> books
>> with raised letters that were very hard to read. Louis was impatient.
>>
>> Then in 1821, a former soldier named Charles Barbier visited the school.
>> Barbier shared his invention called "night writing," a code of 12 raised
>> dots that let soldiers share top-secret information on the battlefield
>> without even having to speak. Unfortunately, the code was too hard for 
>> the
>> soldiers, but not for 12-year-old Louis!
>>
>> Louis trimmed Barbier's 12 dots into 6, ironed out the system by the time 
>> he
>> was 15, then published the first-ever braille book in 1829. But did he 
>> stop
>> there? No way! In 1837, he added symbols for math and music. But since 
>> the
>> public was skeptical, blind students had to study braille on their own. 
>> Even
>> at the Royal Institution, where Louis taught after he graduated, braille
>> wasn't taught until after his death. Braille began to spread worldwide in
>> 1868, when a group of British men, now known as the Royal National 
>> Institute
>> for the Blind, took up the cause.
>>
>> Now practically every country in the world uses braille. Braille books 
>> have
>> double-sided pages, which saves a lot of space. Braille signs help blind
>> people get around in public spaces. And, most important, blind people can
>> communicate independently, without needing print.
>>
>>  Louis proved that if you have the motivation, you can do incredible 
>> things.
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Where Can I Find a Picture of Louis Braille?
>>
>>
>>
>> We hear this question a lot-why are there no photographs of Louis Braille 
>> on
>> the Braille Bug site?
>>
>>
>>
>> We looked long and hard for a photograph of Louis Braille. But he died in
>> 1852, and at that time photography had been around for only 13 years. It 
>> was
>> still a relatively difficult and rare process.
>>
>> Also, Louis Braille's code for reading wasn't adopted by the school where 
>> he
>> taught until eight years before he died. France didn't officially adopt
>> Braille's system until two years after he died. It wasn't until 1890 that
>> the code was adopted in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England, Germany, 
>> Spain,
>> and Scotland-and it took even longer to reach the United States. Louis
>> Braille really became more famous after his death!
>>
>> Maybe people didn't think of taking a photo of him while he was alive
>> because they didn't know how famous he would later become. But someone 
>> did
>> think to take an old type of "photo" called a daguerreotype shortly after
>> his death. Here is a
>>
>> portrait of Louis Braille
>>
>>  that was based on the daguerreotype. You can see this image, as well as
>> others, in a new biography from National Braille Press entitled  Louis
>> Braille: A Touch of Genius . As the author notes, "This is the visage of 
>> a
>> dead man; in life, he kept his eyes open."
>>
>> The only other image we have of Louis Braille is a sculpted bust, which 
>> can
>> be found at the school in Paris where he taught, the Royal Institution 
>> for
>> Blind Youth.
>>
>> It's hard to remember in these days of digital cameras and instant 
>> pictures
>> how young photography actually is. Sculpture has been around for 
>> thousands
>> of years-photography for only 165 years!
>>
>> -         The Braille Bug
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> -
>>
>>
>>
>> What is Braille?
>>
>>
>>
>> What When you first look at something written in braille, all you see (or
>> feel) is a jumble of dots! However, like any other code, braille is based 
>> on
>> a logical system. Once you understand it, you'll be able to read and 
>> write
>> braille easily. That's because braille is not a language, it's just 
>> another
>> way to read and write English (or any other language, such as Japanese).
>> Learn more in "Braille: Deciphering the Code" and check out the other 
>> links
>> below.
>>
>>
>>
>> Braille: Deciphering the Code
>>
>> Trivia
>>
>> Braille Technology
>>
>> Printable Braille Alphabet Key
>>
>>
>>
>> braille alphabet card
>>
>>
>>
>> ...Overview of the Braille Bug Site...
>>
>> table with 2 columns and 44 rows
>>
>>
>>
>> Six tiny raised dots, ingeniously arranged by a fifteen-year-old boy 
>> nearly
>> two hundred years ago, have brought literacy to thousands of people with
>> visual disabilities worldwide. Louis Braille, the inventor of the braille
>> code, was born on January 4, 1809, so January is celebrated as Braille
>> Literacy Month. The Braille Bug web site for children was launched in
>> January 2002 to commemorate the achievements of this remarkable young
>> inventor.
>>
>> The information, activities, and games found on the Braille Bug web site 
>> are
>> designed to teach children in grades 3 through 6 about braille. As they
>> explore the site, children will be able to:
>>
>> list of 6 items
>>
>> . develop an appreciation for the efficiency and versatility of braille;
>>
>> . learn why and how Louis Braille invented the literary braille code;
>>
>> . understand the importance of braille for another famous blind person,
>> Helen Keller;
>>
>> . learn to recognize braille letters and numbers;
>>
>> . describe different ways to read and write braille, including the use of
>> technology;
>>
>> . use suggested resources to learn more about braille, blindness, and
>> related topics.
>>
>> list end
>>
>>
>>
>> About Braille Literacy
>>
>> Braille enables people who are blind or visually impaired to develop
>> literacy skills comparable to those of sighted people who read print. 
>> Those
>> who know braille can perform tasks as varied as jotting down a phone 
>> number,
>> writing a shopping list, solving a long division problem, reading a 
>> musical
>> score, or composing a doctoral thesis. Sighted elementary students 
>> initially
>> are fascinated by braille as a kind of "secret code." However, as they 
>> learn
>> more about braille and its many uses, they expand their knowledge of 
>> people
>> with disabilities and the accommodations they use to lead full and
>> successful lives.
>>
>>  Accessibility
>>
>>  Children who are blind or visually impaired can enjoy the activities on 
>> the
>> Braille Bug website right along with their sighted classmates. However, 
>> they
>> will need special software and/or hardware on their computers.
>>
>>  . Those with low vision have the option of
>>
>> changing the color of the site
>>
>>  to increase contrast and make the text easier to see. They also may use
>> screen magnification software to enlarge the text and pictures on the
>> screen.
>>
>>  . Those who do not learn visually may access information and participate 
>> in
>> the games & activities by listening. To do this, they need to have a 
>> screen
>> reader installed on their computer that will read everything that appears 
>> on
>> the screen, including text, menus, icons, and alt tags. All the games and
>> activities are designed to be completely accessible. However, the 
>> objectives
>> for children who participate by listening are somewhat different from 
>> those
>> for children who access the site visually. Although they will not be
>> learning to recognize simulated braille letters and numbers, they will
>> benefit from practice using their screen readers as they select menu 
>> items,
>> listen to information, and play the games. Children with screen readers 
>> may
>> access the games that have simulated braille characters by listening to 
>> the
>> alt tags that give the dot numbers for each one. In this way, a player 
>> who
>> is blind can work on the same questions with a classmate or friend who is
>> sighted. This arrangement can promote the development of social 
>> interaction
>> skills for both children. Children who would like more practice using 
>> their
>> screen readers may also select the "
>>
>> Jumble Puzzle
>>
>> " game that provides clues in regular print letters and words, rather 
>> than
>> in simulated braille.
>>
>>  . Those who read braille may access the screen by using a refreshable
>> braille display or by downloading and printing out a hard copy of the 
>> file
>> on a braille embosser. Directions for creating a hard copy of any part of
>> this website are found in another submenu item under "
>>
>> Parents and Teachers
>>
>> " entitled "
>>
>> How to Download Braille Files
>>
>> ."
>>
>>  The Home Page
>>
>>  The Braille Bug, a ladybug with the six dots of the braille cell on her
>> back, welcomes children to the website on the home page. There are four 
>> menu
>> items for them to choose from, in addition to the "Parents and Teachers"
>> item:
>>
>> Change the Colors of the Site
>>
>> : Children have the option to change the color of the text and background
>> based on their personal preferences for comfortable viewing.
>>
>> What is Braille?
>>
>>  Five submenu items provide children with information about the Braille
>> Code, tools used to read and write braille, and the life of Louis 
>> Braille.
>> It is recommended that children read "Braille: Deciphering the Code" 
>> before
>> attempting any of the games or activities under the next main menu item.
>>
>> list of 5 items
>>
>> .
>>
>> Braille: Deciphering the Code
>>
>> -An introduction to Louis Braille's systematic arrangement of dots in the
>> braille cell to form letters, punctuation marks, and numbers. In this
>> section children also learn about braille contractions and short-form 
>> words.
>> These are special symbols or spellings that reduce the amount of space
>> needed for writing words in braille.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Trivia
>>
>> -Interesting facts about braille
>>
>> .
>>
>> Braille Technology
>>
>> -A description of low- and high-tech tools used to read and write 
>> braille.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Printable Braille Alphabet
>>
>> -A copy of the braille alphabet that students can print out and use as a
>> reference while playing the games, writing their own simulated braille
>> messages, or decoding braille words and numbers they find in the
>> environment.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Louis Braille
>>
>> -The story of Louis Braille's life told in a lively style.
>>
>> list end
>>
>>
>>
>> Games and Secret Messages:
>>
>> Children can explore a variety of interactive activities that challenge 
>> them
>> to decode simulated braille letters, words, and numbers on the screen. 
>> All
>> of the activities except the first one include a copy of the braille
>> alphabet and numbers for reference.
>>
>> list of 7 items
>>
>> .
>>
>> See Your Name in Braille!
>>
>> -Type in any name or other word, and watch it appear on the screen in
>> braille.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Trivia Mania
>>
>> -Decode braille words related to a specific category, such as "Insects."
>> After a practice round, players earn points for correct answers.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Riddles
>>
>> -Read a riddle in print and decode the braille answer.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Braille Jumble
>>
>> -A more difficult version of Trivia Mania. The braille letters for each 
>> word
>> in a specific category are scrambled. Players decode the letters, 
>> rearrange
>> them, and type their response. After a practice round, points are awarded
>> for each correct answer.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Jumble Puzzle
>>
>> -Games designed for use with a screen reader or refreshable braille 
>> display.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Countdown!
>>
>> -Decode the braille numbers, figure out the pattern (such as 2, 4, 6, 8),
>> and type the next number in the sequence. After a practice level, players
>> earn points for correct answers.
>>
>> .
>>
>> Secret Message
>>
>> -Send a coded message to a friend by clicking on the letters of the 
>> braille
>> alphabet or typing in the text. When the message is sent via e-mail, the
>> friend will receive instructions on how to see it in braille and decode 
>> the
>> words.
>>
>> braillebug at afb.net
>>
>>
>>
>> list end
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> Louis Braille
>>
>> : The story of Louis Braille's life, told in a lively style.
>>
>> Helen Keller Kids Museum Online
>>
>> : A fascinating timeline of Helen Keller's life and achievements. 
>> Includes
>> photos, videos, letters, and more!
>>
>>  We hope that the children who use this site will enjoy learning about
>> braille and begin to understand its significance for people who are blind
>> and visually impaired. During the coming year, the Braille Bug website 
>> will
>> expand to include a Reading Club and Friends area. We welcome your 
>> comments
>> and suggestions, which may be sent to
>>
>> braillebug at afb.net
>>
>>
>>
>>
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>
>
> -- 
> AMAR JAIN.
> MOBILE:+91 99298 79006.
> EMAILS:amarjain2006 at yahoo.co.in
> amarjain2006 at rediff.com
> amarjain2006 at gmail.com
>
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