[AI] Web Browser Attack Skirts Corporate Firewall
dl.vikas at gmail.com
Thu Aug 2 10:32:21 EDT 2007
Web Browser Attack Skirts Corporate Firewall
Problems in the way browsers work with the Internet's domain name system could be exploited to allow access to resources behind a corporate firewall.
Robert McMillan, IDG News Service
Thursday, August 02, 2007 5:00 AM PDT
a security researcher told an audience at the Black Hat conference in Las Vegas Wednesday.
Dan Kaminsky, director of penetration testing for IO Active Inc., showed how problems in the way browser software works with the Internet's domain name
system could be exploited to give attackers access to any resources behind the corporate firewall.
He described a multi-step attack that could be used to scan corporate networks for data or vulnerabilities. But at the heart of the attack is a
by Princeton researchers showing how a Java applet could be used to access systems on a victim's network. "It's one of the few things that's actually come
back from the dead," Kaminsky said.
The fundamental problem, according to Kaminsky, is in the way that Web browser software decides how to trust other computers. This decision is based on
the Internet domain name of the computer, and that DNS (Domain Name System) information can be misused, Kaminsky said. "It's a binding problem," he said
during an interview after his talk. "They assume a value is not changing, but the attacker can change it whenever he chooses."
For the past year, security researchers like Kaminsky have increasingly warned how flaws in the security model of Internet applications could be misused
to give attackers access to PC resources or other Web sites being visited by the victim.
In February, security researcher Robert Hansen showed how a DNS-based attack called "anti-DNS pinning" could be used to give an attacker access to any data
indexed by Google Desktop.
Hansen said that while Kaminsky's talk may not have disclosed previously unknown vulnerabilities, "it's probably one of the coolest implementations" of
this type of attack.
In his talk, Kaminsky described how a malicious Web site could interact with a browser and -- following a complex chain of back-and-forth data requests
-- ultimately gain access to other resources on the Web surfer's network. Attackers would be able to access any resource available to the victim running
the browser, he said. "If you can reach it, so can the bad guy."
He plans to post further details of his attack on his
Web site later this week.
In Kaminsky's scenario, an attacker would use a proxy server that would send data to the browser, ultimately using Adobe Systems Inc.'s Flash multimedia
software to trick the browser into trusting the outside Web site as if it was a local network resource, say a printer. "The proxy gets to update the browser
to speak the necessary flash to service the bytes being sent to the attacker," he said.
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